CL 250 Spring 2015 Prof. Philip Kiernan Roman Religion Exam 2 Study Guide Deities to Know: Zeus (Jupiter) chief of the gods, god of the sky Hera (Juno) goddess of families, babies, marriage, and women Athena (Minerva) goddess of wisdom and battle strategy Apollo (Apollo) god of light, poetry, and music Artemis (Diana) goddess of hunting and women
Aphrodite (venus) goddess of love and beauty Ares (mars) god of war Hephaestus (Vulcan) god of smithing, fire, and volcanoes Hades (Pluto) god of the underworld, riches, and minerals Demeter (Ceres) goddess of agriculture Hermes (Mercury) god of thieves, merchants, messengers, and all of those that live by their wits Dionysus (Bacchus) god of wine and parties Poseidon (Neptune) god of the sea and horses Hestia (Vesta) goddess of the hearth and the home
Janus God of beginnings, transitions, doors, gates, endings; Double faced, looks forward and backward at the same time; the doors at his temple (lanua) stay open during war Quirinus Sabine war god; deified version of Romulus; protector of Rome Saturn god of fertility and agriculture; believed to have been an ancient king of Latium; taught agriculture to the Romans Genius What type of deity was thought of a one's personal divine part? Lares What type of deity was thought of as a heroic ancestor deity? Dii Penates What type of deities were thought to protect food and household gods? Pater familias Who held the religious rituals for the family? Lararium What is the shrine to the family gods called?
Atrium where was the shrine located in the house? didn't think of gods as people, but rather forces What was the Roman religion like before contact with Greek religion? correct actions Which was more important to Roman religion, correct beliefs or correct actions? main purpose is to please gods and perform civic duties, and to preserve country What was the main purpose of religion in Rome? honored the emperor and it was a civic duty what was the purpose of emperor worship? Hadrian Which emperor orders the construction of the pantheon? all roman gods to which gods is the pantheon dedicated? the oculus what is the hole in the dome of the pantheon called?
Rome's supreme deities, worshipped in a temple on Capitoline hill what was the Capitoline triad? Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva what gods were in the later triad? they involved secret knowledge and rituals that were only known to the initiates, many devoted to gods adapted from other countries what is a mystery cult?
- Spring '15
- Ancient Rome, Romulus and Remus