Unformatted text preview: Baird AP Literature/Period 5 September 2013 Medea Annotations Page 3 1. nurse: “old man, and guardian of children of Jason” = tutor. needs intro for knowledge. 2. I know something you don’t. But not telling. 3. nurse: “black for us” us = the house. it’s black b/c the nurse and tutor would lose their jobs Page 4 1. nurse tells the kids and they might go tell Medea but are told not to b/c Medea has been mad. Medea might kill them. 2. Medea: “I wish I might die” 3. nurse: “proudhearted” 4. run away children, Medea is danger to the kids Page 5 1. Medea: ”I hate you” you = the children 2. nurse: “great people….one’s neighbors” tragic vision 3. great people attract the attention of the gods 4. great people think they can get away with everything 5. it is best to be modest. moderation in all things 6. chorus is large. chorus says everything in unison Page 6 1. Medea: “I would find my release in death” 2. Medea’s not certain of what she’s gonna do 3. this book lets us see how Medea’s mind works: her background, her options, and her psychological makeup 4. the Greeks didn’t believe in a beautiful afterlife 5. chorus = conscience of Greek society 6. Medea: “Great Themis...Artemis” calling on all gods 7. she is a woman in extreme pain 8. nurse: “of this I am sure….” Page 7 1. chorus: “great” = bad, big, heinous 2. nurse wishes people wrote songs to cure people’s bitterness Page 8 1. Medea’s speech shows that women have limited options. is similar to
Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen 2. Medea: “lightly bears yoke” yoke = harness 3. Medea: “then life….if not, I’d rather die” 4. Medea would rather take part in battle 3 times than bear a child 5. childbirth was more dangerous than going to war 6. she asks chorus for one thing: just be silent Page 10 1. Creon wants Medea out of kingdom 2. Medea works on his emotions 3. Creon scared of Medea Page 11 1. Medea: “transgress the authority of a king” she is trying to flatter the king 2. Medea: “I beg you” 3. gestures and actions inserted into lines to tell actors how to behave Page 12 1. Creon: “clinging to my hand?” gestures 2. Medea: one more day for my children's’ sake 3. Creon: “do none of the things I fear” I know I’m gonna regret saying this but I’m gonna let you have your day 4. she got what she needs 5. Medea: “fawned” = act weak Page 13 1. gonna kill husband, king, and girl 2. Medea’s struggling with plans 3. Medea’s concerned/worried about being caught 4. worried of being laughed at. it would hurt her pride 5. doesn’t care, gonna do it anyway Page 14 1. Medea: “you have the skill” she’s talking to herself 2. women are good at being evil. women are curious and evil. 3. chorus: it’s right to seek revenge 4. comes with attendees b/c scared of Medea 5. Medea is a sorcerer. she works with potions Page 15 1. Jason: even if you hate me, I’m gonna still give you $$ (provision) for you and children to live elsewhere 2. Medea: shame on you you womanly man Page 16 1. Medea saved Jason’s life multiple times 2. Medea to Jason: you had kids so you have no excuse 3. Medea’s really mad at Jason 4. deepest form of hatred is when you hate someone you loved or trusted Page 17 1. Medea: where am I supposed to go? 2. Jason: it’s the god’s help 3. Jason: “you are clever enough” 4. Jason: first I brought you from this barbarian land and gave you a better life in Greek land → real benefit in Greeks’ eyes 5. Jason: please remain calm while I explain rationally why Page 18 1. Jason: marrying the princess is in everyone’s best interest. will raise his status and hers 2. Greek idea: better if there were no women Page 20 1. Jason: “you called….family” he’s right. if she had kept her mouth shut, this wouldn’t have happened 2. Jason: I’ll give you $$ and introduce you to friends 3. Medea: “I shall never accept...no benefit in the gifts of a bad man” → reflects her pride 4. Medea: you’ll have a lousy marriage Page 21 1. chorus: nothing worse than being exiled 2. chorus: “let death first lay me low and death free me from this daylight” personification 3. Aegus shows up at right time → contrived plot 4. Aegus went to oracle/prophet. burn aromatic wood. get high. he wants to know if he’ll have male kids 5. prophecies are vague but they always come true Page 23 1. Medea: “I am ruined” trying to gain sympathy of Aegus 2. she wants to live with Aegus and give him ability to get pregnant 3. Aegus tells Medea to get there on her own b/c god can’t be seen taking her out of Corinth 4. Greek thought: if they break oath, Zeus will beat him down and is doomed Page 25 1. chorus: “may the things you wish” = pregnancy 2. chorus: Aegus is a nice, generous man 3. Medea: is telling exactly what she’s gonna do Page 26 1. Medea: anyone that touches the dress will die 2. Medea: if they do this, I’ll kill the kids b/c they might be seen as accomplices 3. Medea: I will not be “mocked by enemies” 4. her pride is so great it covers her love she has for her kids and she loves her kids a lot 5. she is powerful. daughter of king. has great pride and honor 6. Medea: “let no one...just the opposite” LOL she’s no soccer mom 7. nurse knows all of Medea’s plans. she has been there the whole time Page 27 1. chorus: “children of Erechtheus” = The Athenians 2. chorus: “flow of Cephisus’ stream” = At Athens Page 29 1. Medea and choru are crying b/c she knows what’s gonna happen to them 2. dramatic irony pg. 2930: they’re not going to be healthy and strong b/c they’re going to die 3. Medea uses a lot of words with double meanings Page 30 1. Medea turning pale → grief 2. “pale tears” “cheek so white” Page 31 1. Medea: ”and give the dress for this is of great importance” make sure kids hand it to herdon’t give to any servant 2. tutor is unaware of her plans. only Corinthian women and nurse are Page 32 1. chorus is feeling sorry for everyone 2. tutor is happy b/c bride has accepted gifts 3. Medea is not happy b/c she knows the dress is like a ticking time bomb Page 34 1. Medea: “I renounce my plans” says it 2 times. she regrets it 2. keeps going back and forth 3. her pride has been hurt 4. pride and honor = big ideals for Greeks 5. she is not secure with her decisions ← provable thesis 6. she loves her kids ← provable thesis (she adores their sweet breaths, soft skin) Page 35 1. Medea: “those who have never...who are parents” childless people are more happy Page 36 1. Medea hopes evil things have happened Page 37 1. Medea: tell me in detail how they died. LOL evil bitch 2. write tragedy to arouse fear and pity 3. horrifying to see someone murder their own children Page 38 1. “lifeless image of herself in it” → foreshadowing 2. shift in messenger’s speech: joy to honor happens at where he says “But” 3. “seizure” = epilepsy. they thought it was a message from God 4. thing on her head melts to her head. everything’s on fire Page 39 1. “like the drops on a pinebark...poison” simile 2. “let me die with you” Creon says but little does he know he’s gonna die 3. Greek thought: “our human life...themselves” 4. messenger is just messenger Page 40 1. chorus: Jason deserved it → greek conscience 2. Medea: if she kills them she’ll kill them as humanely as possible. she thinks if someone else does, they’ll do it in a more thoughtless and painful or vicious way 3. chorus: “Ray of the Sun” = Medea’s grandfather 4. “divine” = her children 5. kids are demigods 7. chorus: please stop this 8. chorus: “shall I enter” should I intervene? 9. children cry out to help. no help comes 10. audience can hear what’s going on but can’t see Page 42 1. “O women’s love...how many evils have you caused already!” 2. in many greek tragedies, they try to kill kid but never actually do it 3. greek thought: if they thwart the greek gods’ plans it’ll get worse 4. always blamed on god 5. if gods wanted them to live, they would’ve lived 6. Jason shows up too late ← like Romeo and Juliet. things happen too late. if Juliet had woken earlier Page 43 1. deus ex machina: a.
a god introduced by means of a crane in ancient Greek and Roman drama to decide the final outcome b. a person or thing (as in fiction or drama) that appears or is introduced suddenly and unexpectedly and provides a contrived solution to an apparently insoluble difficulty 2. deus ex machina ending is bad thing 3. Helius = Medea’s grandpa. God of the Sun 4. Jason doesn’t get it. he gives 2 reasons why he thinks she did this: a. she’s evil and is a traitor b. he was gonna marry someone else 5. Jason: I should’ve known… Page 44 1. “A monster, not a woman” metaphor 2. “Wilder than that of Scylla in Tuscan sea” monster in Odyssey 3. Medea: “Yes, and my grief is gain when you cannot mock it” her pride Page 45 1. Medea: bury them in Mount Olympus where mortal man can’t take them out 2. she’s gonna ask for redemption 3. gives a curse/prophet that Jason’s gonna die badly Page 46 1. broken verse in 2 chunks means that playwright is telling to pick up the pace. broke up iambic pentameter to speed up dialogue Page 47 1. why do bad things happen to good people? ...
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