Lecture Notes for midterm #2

Lecture Notes for midterm #2 - Theories of Deviance 3...

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Theories of Deviance 2/20/2008 3 Perspectives o 1. Structural (Macro level) o 2. Cultral (Meso level) o 3. Interactionist (Micro) Structural Perspective o Macro level o Abstract o Largest unit of analysis o Political, legal, economic structures Can’t see or touch it Very influential They constrain our behavior and influence us o Factors that influence our participation in deviance o **Difference Opportunity Structure*** Factors that affect your opportunities in life Race, gender, wealth Race, class, and gender inequality Privilege based on one of those factors Physical appearance Connections, sexual orientation, age Not inside the individual but in the social structure o Inequality o ***Prejudice and Discrimination
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Certain aggregates and groups cannot get ahead because of prejudice o Strain Theory (Merton) Institutional norms and cultural goals They share a certain set of values, goals, and means Some have better chance than others because of their groups Differential Opportunity Structure Blocked opportunity Structure Innovate Turn to crime, use a legitimate means o Drug Dealing o Differential Opportunity Theory (Cloward and Ohlin) Illegitimate Structure Still not the same opportunity for it Connections, class background, gender, neighborhood o Criminal hierarchy born into Race, class status White collar crimes Cultural Perspective o Meso level o Norms o Subculture o Values Guidelines and beliefs Can clash with those of the dominant culture o Cultural Conflict Theory (Sellin)
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When people are members of a group 1. Migrate Into other groups or areas 2. Take over Values clash and conflict because of cultural norms 3. Border o Lower Class Culture Theory (Miller) Focal concerns of lower class culture UCR’s helped find where lower class was Disproportionately over represented Prejudice and discrimination because of norms and values o Reaction Theory (Cohen) Status Frustration React in opposition to the rejection They have status frustration and turn the norms and values of the culture upside down They engage in negative, non-utilitarian and malicious behavior i.e. Vandalism, destruction of property, etc Interactionist Perspective o Interpersonal o Micro level o Situational and concrete Why do people commit deviant acts? Emotions
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Lecture Notes for midterm #2 - Theories of Deviance 3...

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