Lab Notes for midterm #1

Lab Notes for midterm #1 - January 23rd CHAPTER 1. On the...

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January 23 rd CHAPTER 1. On the Sociology of Deviance, Erikson The Four Functions of Deviance: 1. a. Deviance enables the community to define itself in terms of insiders and outsiders 2. Boundary Maintenance/Definition a. It allows people to set boundaries on what is acceptable and what is not b. Boundaries are fluid and changing i. They are relative to time and place 3. Social Change a. Deviance is a root for social change b. EX: Suffrage movement, prohibition, American Revolution c. Goes from Weird –to normal d. EX: Sexual openness 4. Full Employment. a. Deviance means a lot of jobs for a lot of people b. EX: Police, correction officers, judges, social workers, Jerry Springer How Institutions Perpetuate Deviance 1. Gather deviants into segregated groups a. Jail, rehabs, drug counseling, detention, mental institutions 2. Teach skills and attitudes a. Talk about how to do it better and more effectively as to not get caught or penalized next time for it. 3. Reinforce a sense of alienation a. Looked down upon b. Given a label Individual Concepts Commitment Ceremonies o Official events that mark the passage to Deviance o Generally a public interest and dramatic o Generally one way streets. No reverse, no way to un-do it Self-fulfilling Prophesies o Once people are labeled deviant we continue to expect them to act deviant
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CHAPTER 2. A Typology of Deviance Based on Middle Class Norms, Tittle & Paternoster 1. Loyalty a. Committing to a group and maintaining that commitment against all challenges b. Deviance: Apostasy 2. Privacy a. Having the right to exclusive control over some things especially private places and personal items b. Deviance: Intrusion 3. Prudence a. The expectation that all people are to practice selectivity in the practice of activities that are pleasurable b. Deviance: Indiscretion 4. Conventionality a. All must practice personal habits and lead lives that are similar to the conventions followed by most middle-class people. b. Deviance: Bizarre 5. Responsibility a. People who are reliable and who others can depend on b. Deviance: Irresponsible 6. Participation a. Everyone will take an active part in the social and economic life in the community or society and in the institutions it spawns b. Deviance: Alienation 7. Moderation a. All things should be done in moderation b. Deviance: Extremes 8. Honesty a. Everyone is expected to avoid lying, fraud, cheating, misrepresentation b. Deviance: Deceitfulness 9. Peacefulness a. Quiet, tranquility and order b. Deviance: Disruption 10. Courtesy
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a. Ensure that an individuals behavior does not make the ordinary business of social intercourse too unpleasant b. Deviance: Uncouthness CHAPTER 3. Integrating Normative and Reactivist Definitions of Deviance, Heckert & Heckert 4 Types of Deviance 1. Negative Deviance a. Traditional ways i. Drugs, DUI, robbery, negative evaluation by society 2. Rate Busting a. When somebody over conforms to society’s norms and is negatively reacted
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Lab Notes for midterm #1 - January 23rd CHAPTER 1. On the...

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