POLS303terms

POLS303terms - POLS 303 MIDTERM IDs Collective responsibility Cabinet must abide by a decision(cannot publicly speak out against a decision made by

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POLS 303 MIDTERM IDs Collective responsibility- Cabinet must abide by a decision (cannot publicly speak out against a decision made by the PM) Common law- Laws that come from parliament and that are custom laws. Individual ministerial responsibility- A constitutional convention in governments using the Westminster System that a cabinet minister bears the ultimate responsibility for the actions of their ministry or department. Unitary system- A state whose three organs of state are governed constitutionally as one single unit, with one constitutionally created legislature. The political power of government in such states may well be transferred to lower levels, to national, regional or local elected assemblies, governors and mayors (devolved government), but the central government retains the principal right to recall such delegated power. Parliamentary sovereignty- Nothing binds parliament (no judicial review, no limit to scope of parliament’s authority) FPTP- First past the post; usually creates a dominant two party system. Proportional representation- Aimed at a close match between the percentage of votes that groups of candidates (grouped by a certain measure) obtain in elections and the percentage of seats they receive. Mixed member system- The overall total of party members in the elected body is intended to mirror the overall proportion of votes received; it differs by including a set of members elected by geographic constituency who are deducted from the party totals so as to maintain overall proportionality. Closed lists/open lists- In closed list systems, voters can (effectively) only vote for political parties as a whole and thus have no influence on the party-supplied order in which party candidates are elected. In an open list system, voters have more of a choice in deciding which person to vote for within a party. Liberalization before inclusiveness-
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course POLS 303 taught by Professor Parness during the Spring '08 term at Sonoma.

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POLS303terms - POLS 303 MIDTERM IDs Collective responsibility Cabinet must abide by a decision(cannot publicly speak out against a decision made by

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