Study Guide for Exam 1, Unit 2

Study Guide for Exam 1, Unit 2 - Bobby Moran American...

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Bobby Moran American Politics Study Guide Exam 1 UNIT II Articles of Confederation o Ratified in 1781 (Most in 1777), Problems Emerge o Primary Characteristics: State Sovereignty- Each state was independent, voluntary…which = failure Meager Machinery for Governance- No separation of powers, 1 branch: legislature Limited powers of National Government (Diplomatic Assembly) Two Specific things it could not do o Regulate commerce- led to tariff wars between states o Levy Taxes- couldn’t raise money, no relationship between citizens and national government Too rigid ( Could not be changed) 9 out of 13 states to pass an amendment, unanimous to change o General Problems Conflicting Objectives – Designed to achieve economic growth but it couldn’t regulate the economy No Separation of Powers (violated consensus that separation of powers was necessary for good government) Needed some way to keep legislature in check Constitutional Convention I: Agreement and disagreement o Agreement (of convention not necessarily the public) Good government must be democratic defined by constitutionalism (based on written document) Constitution: written document that specified the nature and powers of the government, written and adopted at a specific moment in time
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Must be federal (national government and state governments with specific rights and responsibilities) o Disagreement (at convention and within society) Small republic Vs. Large Republic o Small republic ideal….democratic republics can only protect individual liberty of citizens in (a) small (b) homogeneous (similar) communities with (c) proximate (close) governments- state government would be better This view was held by majority of the citizens, although it was probably underrepresented among the 55 delegates This view eventually became the “Anti-federalist.” Opposition to the constitution
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course POLISCI 101 taught by Professor Laraja during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Study Guide for Exam 1, Unit 2 - Bobby Moran American...

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