Humanities study guide 2

Humanities study guide 2 - Humanities Outline(Final...

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Humanities Outline (Final) Modernism March 19 A response to cultural changes in Europe and the Unites States; a lot of these changes are technological and demographical. There is growth of cities. Modernist Innovations: -The electric light bulb (1879): it’s changed everything about hoe we experienced the natural world. Light entered night and night life developed. -Phonograph (1986): invented by Thomas Edison, first machine developed for playing recorded sound, it transformed the sense of life and music. -Wireless communication: titanic, people across the world experienced the catastrophe. This was the first international simultaneous disaster. -Automobile: altered the sense of the amount of space that was available to people dating. This invention also led to a renovation of streets. -Telephone (1886): no on knew what to say when they first answered the phone the phrase became “what is wanting”. The telephone altered the sense of time. -Cinema (1896): Altered the sense of time and provided and new leisure activity. -Airplane (1909): new vision of land. It was a new mode of transportation. Airplanes were immediately used in war to kill people. -Einstein’s law of relativity : time and space are relative not absolute. -Elevator (1990): sense of space went for horizontal to vertical. Modernist Painters: Pablo Picasso (1881-1973 ): he developed the collage. He was criticized by feminist for destroying the human body. -Les Desmoiselles d’Avignon (1907 ): Most important painting since the Mossaico in the Renaissance. He places two perspectives at the same time, there no more of just one perspective at a time. He created a world of geometric shapes which led to the introduction of cubism, the first modern art form. -Three women (1908): cubism
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example of cubism. It contains two perspectives musical instruments and musicians. People are cutouts. -Maiden and guitar -Still life and cake -Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968): challenges the meaning of art. - Nude Descending a Staircase (1912): it is a geometric world. Nudes are supposed to stay upstairs. It is one perspective through time. -Georges Braque (1882-1963) -Clarinet (1911): it is a cubist collage with musical instruments. - Man and Guitar: requires a new way of looking. -Violin -Giacomo Balla (1871-1958): he was a futurist, and was fascinated with technology. -Speeding Automobile (1912): world turned upside down, all images are one. -Fernand Leger (1881-1955) -The city (1919): cities became the center of modernism -Guchions: unique form of continuity - The bull Sculpture Virginia Wolf She had an interesting and unhappy life. She was born to a prominent family; her dad remarried and acquired two ten year old step sons. As Virginia was growing up she was sexually abused by her step brothers. Throughout her life she moved in and out of sanity, attempting to commit suicide many times and finally succeeding by drowning herself. She used the technique of extreme consciousness, consciousness is always moving.
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Humanities study guide 2 - Humanities Outline(Final...

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