Eisenhower - 225 benson hall-Eisenhower Dulles and the Cold...

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225 benson hall -Eisenhower, Dulles, and the Cold War -1950-conformity, sharply defined gender roles, non-diversified -Eisenhower -Figure who has a long career in the military -Gains support from whites and blacks against Stevenson with New Deal Plan -Seen as an elderly person -Quite adept in diplomacy (managing WW2) -Serves in Philippines with Macarthur -John Foster Dulles -Sec of State -Grandson of an early secretary of state -Very caught up in the Presbyterian religion) criticized for his biblical speaking -Priorities of the Eisenhower Administration 1.) End of the Korean War 2.) New Look in the Defense Policy-cuts in spending covert operations, nuclear weapons 3.) European Defense Community (European Army) a. Eisenhower was enthusiastic about a united Europe b. Something that resembled the United States unification 4.) Alliance System- NATO, SEATO, CENTO, ANZUS, OAS a. This was an alternative to the United Nations b. Sets the institutionalizing of the Cold War for a long time 5.) Bilateral Agreements- Taiwan, South Korea, Japan 6.) Institutionalization of the Cold War *Felt that smaller government was important than waging the Cold War -Rhetoric of Eisenhower-Dulles 1.) Campaign rhetoric-“rollback” vs. containment 2.) Tested in East German uprising- June 1953 3.) Strongly religious character- Cold War presented as a moral crusade a. Dulles states that neutrality is not possible in the Cold War(good vs evil) 4.) Concept of Free World vs. Communist World (Sino-Soviet bloc) a. People in the free world were only not communists 5.) Domestic Politics- McCarthyism -Churchill and Détente - Mao Zedong After the Death of Stalin in 1953 Mao becomes very dangerous -Yoshida Japan leader who forms an Alliance with The US -Adenauer Leader of West Germany who allies with the US -Indochina in 1954 1.) Battle of Dien Bien Phu 2.) Eisenhower’s United Action” Policy
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-Churchill did not want to fight to keep a French imperial empire 3.) Thus, US reluctance to intervene 4.) French Defeat- May 1954 *French hoped to beat the Vietminh in a large-scale battle -Geneva Conference of 1954 1.) Division of Vietnam at 17 th parallel 2.) Elections in two years 3.) Movement of peoples North and South -Emergence of South Vietnam 1.) Diem Defeats Rivals-power base among Catholics from the North 2.) Refuses to allow elections (initial reasons for war)-self determination 3.) Cold War and Divided Countries- Germany, Korea, Vietnam, China -Big powers enjoined a split country -North Vietnamese mad because the would have won -Chiang Kai-Shek and Nationalist China -leader in Taiwan -wanted to invade the Communists -Taiwan Straits Crisis -SEATO would become a justification for the Vietnam war - multilateral shell but not a real coherent system, almost a cover in US Foreign Policy -seal on the division of Europe -Warsaw Pact, West Germany in NATO -1955 Second Geneva Conference Eisenhower discusses “open skies” policy “Spirit of Geneva”-the Cold War has come to a stopping point fears of a Yalta Conference though
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Eisenhower - 225 benson hall-Eisenhower Dulles and the Cold...

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