Is continued progress of the EU toward becoming more like a federal union in the
interest of the United States?
Should the US still continue to support ever higher
levels of integration for the EU?
No, the United States should limit the EU because it allows free
movement through all of its members, which facilitates terrorism.
the stronger the EU is, the less likely it is that the US will be able to gain
support from only certain members as it has done with Britain in Iraq – if
the EU gets stronger, US may lose their support.
Europe could also
become a threat to the US economically if the EU gets stronger.
important point is that the EU and NATO are not compatible.
The US is part of NATO and therefore
should not support the EU because it weakens NATO.
Will Europe and the US continue to drift apart, as Steve Walt suggests?
Yes, the unifying threat between the two of them any longer (Soviet Union
is gone), Asia is becoming more important economically so US can trade
more with them, generational changes – old European ties are gone, the
balance of power will shift as Europe unifies so US will drift apart from
them, the US and Europe could come together again if another unifying
threat comes to be, such as China or Russia.
Are alliances in general a force for peace?
Was the expansion of NATO a good
Realists believe that alliances are a force for peace.
They say that if you
want peace, prepare for war.
The more alliances, the better.
some countries are more trouble than they are worth, such as Latvia for if
Latvia were to be attacked by another country, the US would have to
defend it, but what can Latvia do for US.
Yes, Russia was weak, needed to expand while it could not oppose
expansion in Central Europe, also a way to solidify democracy.
wanted to expand NATO because US is a member of NATO, not a
member of the EU
No, EU should have expanded first because it is based on economic
alliance, which ties countries together more, solidifying democracy more
than the expansion of NATO.
Europe didn’t want to expand EU however
because of rational political ambition theory, they thought they would lose
Hook and Spanier in Ch 9 on “America’s Unipolar Moment” quote Francis
Fukuyama to the effect that “what we may be witnessing is not just the end of the
cold war, or the passing of a particular period of history, but the end of history as
such: that is, the point of mankind’s ideological evolution and the universalization
of western liberal democracy as the final form of human government (pg. 223).
Would you agree?
No, China is coming up as big power and it is not democratic at this point,
also Islamic fundamentalism rise in the middle east, Russia is becoming