AFP 3 - 1. Is continued progress of the EU toward becoming...

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1. Is continued progress of the EU toward becoming more like a federal union in the interest of the United States? Should the US still continue to support ever higher levels of integration for the EU? a. No, the United States should limit the EU because it allows free movement through all of its members, which facilitates terrorism. Also, the stronger the EU is, the less likely it is that the US will be able to gain support from only certain members as it has done with Britain in Iraq – if the EU gets stronger, US may lose their support. Europe could also become a threat to the US economically if the EU gets stronger. Another important point is that the EU and NATO are not compatible. They have contradictory commitments. The US is part of NATO and therefore should not support the EU because it weakens NATO. 2. Will Europe and the US continue to drift apart, as Steve Walt suggests? a. Yes, the unifying threat between the two of them any longer (Soviet Union is gone), Asia is becoming more important economically so US can trade more with them, generational changes – old European ties are gone, the balance of power will shift as Europe unifies so US will drift apart from them, the US and Europe could come together again if another unifying threat comes to be, such as China or Russia. 3. Are alliances in general a force for peace? Was the expansion of NATO a good idea? a. Realists believe that alliances are a force for peace. They say that if you want peace, prepare for war. The more alliances, the better. However, some countries are more trouble than they are worth, such as Latvia for if Latvia were to be attacked by another country, the US would have to defend it, but what can Latvia do for US. b. Yes, Russia was weak, needed to expand while it could not oppose expansion in Central Europe, also a way to solidify democracy. Also, US wanted to expand NATO because US is a member of NATO, not a member of the EU c. No, EU should have expanded first because it is based on economic alliance, which ties countries together more, solidifying democracy more than the expansion of NATO. Europe didn’t want to expand EU however because of rational political ambition theory, they thought they would lose their power. 4. Hook and Spanier in Ch 9 on “America’s Unipolar Moment” quote Francis Fukuyama to the effect that “what we may be witnessing is not just the end of the cold war, or the passing of a particular period of history, but the end of history as such: that is, the point of mankind’s ideological evolution and the universalization of western liberal democracy as the final form of human government (pg. 223). Would you agree? a. No, China is coming up as big power and it is not democratic at this point, also Islamic fundamentalism rise in the middle east, Russia is becoming
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more authoritarian. 5.
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AFP 3 - 1. Is continued progress of the EU toward becoming...

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