Course Hero Logo

PSCI 300 - Paper #1.docx - Do the strengths of...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.

Do the strengths of ‘majoritarian’ political systems outweigh the weaknesses?1) IntroductionThe concept of democracy has always been heavily debated for developed anddeveloping countries. These debates specifically focus on how democracy should beformed, established, governed, and implemented. Lipjhart states that, “an idealdemocratic government would be one whose actions were always in perfectcorrespondence with the preferences of all its citizens.”1Although, this prefectgovernment is impossible to create and carry out, countries should keep in mind andaspire to such a government. Frequently, the debate on democracy usually concludeswith the choice of one of the two most common forms of a democratic governmentwhich is either a majoritarian or consensus political system.2A majoritarian politicalsystem, is associated with presidential systems with single member plurality systems,multi-member plurality, and single member majoritarian systems with alternative voteand two-ballot system. A consensus democracy, is mostly associated with proportionalrepresentation electoral systems in parliamentary government. Both democracies havetheir own different yet unique approach to successfully represent their citizens by eitherdelegating policy-making power to the majority only or including representatives for allincluding minorities. It is ultimately up to the citizens of those countries to pick the typeof democracy that will protect and serve their best interest; however, in order to make1Lijphart, A. (1984). “Democracies: Patterns of Majoritarian and ConsensusGovernment in Twenty-One Countries”. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. pg.1.2Clark, W. R. et al. (2009). “Principles of Comparative Politics”. Didcot: Marston BookServices Ltd. pg. 502.
the decision one must analyze the strengths and weaknesses of their potentialdemocracy, and whether those strengths are strong enough to outweigh theweaknesses. In order to distinguish the main strengths and weaknesses of amajoritarian political systems, and whether the strengths outweigh the weaknesses, it isvital to determine the principles of how a majoritarian political system is practicedthroughout politics and elections.2) Clarification of Key Concepts and TheoriesBefore distinguishing the strengths and weaknesses in a majoritarian politicalsystem it is important to clearly understand key concepts of a majoritarian politicalsystem. In regards to Lijphart definition of a perfect democratic government, amajoritarian political system allows for the citizens’ majority vote in elections to takecontrol of government. Allowing for the majority of citizens satisfied with results ofelections, and also having their single vote matter and make a different. A majoritarianpolitical system power is exclusive to the party elected to government. Few limits onauthority to pursue their electoral mandate. In a majoritarian political system there aretwo different types of systems within it. The first one is known as the single member

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 8 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
Millican,E
Tags
democratic government, Plurality voting system

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture