Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict notes - Chapter 1 Ottoman Society Palestine and the Origins of Zionism 1516 1914 Ottoman Empire reached westward

Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict notes - Chapter 1...

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Chapter 1: Ottoman Society, Palestine and the Origins of Zionism, 1516 - 1914 Ottoman Empire reached westward to Europe to Budapest and beyond and along the southern rim of the Mediterranean into Algeria at the end of the nineteenth century Zionist Jews were immigrating and creating tension between the Palestinian Arabs western imperial rivals put pressure on the Ottoman Empire at the end of the nineteenth century Commercial Relations and Military Decline: 1500 - 1800 treaties signed at the Empires height eventually weakened the Ottoman sovereignty Ottoman rulers failed to respond to the challenges presented Ottoman Empire became a focal point for larger imperial rivalries with European powers (i.e. Great Britain, France, and Russia) Regional Strife, Imperial Interventions and Ottoman Reaction: 1800 - 1914 Britain’s actions in the Middle East were designed to keep the Russians out of Istanbul in order to forestall the prospect that a Russian fleet stationed there with access to the Mediterranean could cut Britain’ imperial lifeline to India Crimean War (1854-1856): sparked religious rivalries in Palestine between Catholics and Orthodox moms Tsars encouraged Balkan separatists movements in order to acquire influence against both the Ottomans and Russia’s major rivals in Eastern Europe, Austria-Hungary 1869: Suez cannel opens creating a direct route to India though the Mediterranean Ottoman Society and European Inroads: Communal Tensions in an Age of Reform Palestine in the Nineteenth Century Changing Patterns: Trade, Land, Agriculture, and Populations Palestinian Notables and Absentee Landowners Palestinian Agricultural Productivity Tourist and Immigrants Population and Identity Zionism: Its Origins and Development to 1914 The Jews of Western Europe Eastern European Jewry and the Rise of Zionism The Origins of Zionism BILU and Hibbat Zion Theodor Herzl and the Zionist Movement to 1914 Herzl and the World Zionist Organization Militant Zionism: The Second Aliya The Arab Response to Zionism Ottoman Policies and Jewish Land Purchases Growing Apprehension: Palestine and the Arab world Chapter 2: World War I, Great Britain, and the Peace Settlements (Deciding Palestine’s Fate 1914 - 1921) World War I: The Ottoman Empire and the European Powers Page of 124
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British Imperial Objectives Gallipoli and Imperial Bargaining The de Bunsen Committee Britain, The Arabs, and the Husain-McMahon Correspondence, 1915-1916 The Lure of an Arab Revolt The Husain-McMahon Correspondence: Defining the Terms McMahon’s Description: The Roots of Arab Bitterness Anglo-French Interests and the Sykes-Picot Agreement Spheres of Control and Influence British Evaluation of their Commitments Britain, Palestine, and the Balfour Declaration Chaim Weizmann and British Politics British War Aims and Palestine Negotiating the Text Goals Versus Promises: The European Powers, Zionism, and the Arabs, 1917-1918 Reassuring Sharif Husayn Syria and “Self-Discrimination” Zionist-Arab Fears: The Faysal-Weizmann Agreement
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  • Spring '14
  • Katz,J.
  • West Bank

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