SOCI-169 Final Study Guide - FINAL REVIEW 9:18 AM...

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FINAL REVIEW 7/29/15 9:18 AMCOHABITATION AND MARRIAGE Courtship Publicly visible process with rules and restrictions through which young men and women find a partner to marry Met its demise after 1900 oLinked to social and economic changes §Migration to cities úMore places to go, harder for parents to monitor §Industrial capitalism úMeet more people §Higher standards of living úSpending money to do activities úCars = privacy §Lengthening of adolescence úChild labors laws instated úMiddle-class fmailies no longer need their children to work úParents realized kids need education, removing them from adult world Rise and fall of dating Rare until 1900 Firm rule of dating àyoung man pays expenses Placed courtship on an economic basis Men exchange goods for companionship oDating shifted the lance of power in courtship from women to men Dating shifted power from parents to teenagers/young adults oMovement of activity away from public gatherings/home Heyday 1945-1965 oCollege enrollments rose shaply o1950s young people started to date earlier dating decline oas marriage began to rise in 60s/70s, dating system became less closely connected to marriage ocohabitation, new stage of courtship osharp rise in premarital intercourse oadolescents began to socialize in larger, mixed sex groups ointernet Partner search as a market a system in which single individuals search for others who will marry them olike job market supply and demand resources: characteristics that are attractive to others preferences: characteristics that are desired in partners Preference models specialization omen search for good homemakers ochild-raising women, women search for good male providers income-pooling omen place more emphasis on women as earners and less on women’s domestic skills owomen place less emphasis on man as provider homogamy
oselection of partner based on having similar traits, values, goals Evidence to support homogamy and income-pooling models in the US today Four types of cohabitation an alternative way of being single (dating) testing ground for future marriage (trial) precursor to marriage (plan to marry) alternative to marriage (substitute for) is it like being single? Or is it part of the marriage process (a “test”-drive) Reasons for the increase in cohabitation Economic oCareer and education demands leave less time for developing long-term stable relationships oEconomic insecurity (particularity of men) makes commitment less attractive (particularly to women) Demographic oBirth control and abortion reduced shot-gun weddings Psychological/cultural oHaving children outside marriage has become more acceptable oEthic of self-fulfillment over obligation, freedom over commitment oAppeal of being free of legal obligations How does cohabitation prior to marriage affect marriage? Why?

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