FactSheet_Katie Griffith - Xavier University EDSP 200:...

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What is cognitive disability?According to the Center of Disease Control , cognitivedisability (or also known as Intellectual disability) is thecondition of a child whose intellectual functioning level andadaptive skills are significantly below the average for achild of his chronological age.SymptomsSymptoms of cognitive disability can arise as early as 2years of age. Some include:Difficulty retaining information and learning simpleroutines• Confusion and behavior problems in new situations orplaces• Short attention span• Lack of curiosity• Difficulty understanding social rules• Sustained infantile behavior into toddlerhood or preschoolyears• Difficulty understanding consequences of actions• Limited and/or inconsistent communication skills• Lack of age-appropriate self-help and self-care skillsIf not us…then who? Intellectual Disabilities. 07/08/2015.Xavier University EDSP 200: Special Education Identification and IssuesCognitive Disability/IntellectualDisabilityKathleen A. GriffithHow do you to diagnose cognitive disability?There are varying levels that can be identifiable throughsocial skills, emotional development, communicationcapabilities, physical function, and academic skill sets.The Center for Disease Control defines cognitiveimpairment among 8-year-old children by a score of 70 orbelow on an test of intellectual capability (IQ) test:MildIQ of 50 to 70ModerateIQ of 35 to 55SevereIQ 20 to 40ProfoundBelow 20CharacteristicsAccommodations and ModificationsThese may include completion of part of the program orsome of the course requirements, curriculum expectationsbelow level,alternate curriculum goals, and/or alternateassessments.Task AnalysisBreaking down of complex and multiple stepskills into smaller, easier-to-learn stepssequenced in their natural order.Alternate response modesUsing verbal, visual (drawing, pictures,paintings), symbols or gestures for assessment.Ex: When assessing a unit, allow responseoptions to be expressed in alternative forms.Real-life settings for instructionDelivering instruction in settings or context ofreal-life stimulus or environments.Ex: Field trips to nature parks demonstrating thecharacteristics of a plant/animal.
The College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciencesand its academic and research departments including, Ohio Agricultural Research and DevelopmentCenter (Structured TeachingPhysical StructureThe physical structure (i.e.setting) is established so that the student has a betterunderstanding of the purpose of each functional area.Daily ScheduleThe schedule tells the student, in avisual manor, what activities will happen and theorder they will happen in.

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Term
Spring
Professor
BradleyJ.Early
Tags
Mental retardation, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Learning disability, Xavier University EDSP

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