ESW, Hist. 473, Spring 2015 1 HIST/ETHS/LABR 473 Spring 2015 Dr. Wolf Unfree Labor in Early America Office Location : SCI 267 Office Hours: Mon. 2:00-4:00; Wed. 2:00-3:00; and by appointment Email : [email protected] Office Phone: 415.338.7544 Course Description: Before the triumph of capitalism in the Americas, a large proportion—in many places the majority—of people labored as unfree workers: servants, apprentices, and slaves. This course examines and compares various forms of unfree labor in the British American colonies and United States from the seventeenth century to the American Civil War, tracing change over time and investigating the relationships between economics, ideologies, and social relations. The course ends with the replacement of bonded labor by free labor in the nineteenth century. Issues of power, race, and gender, which were intimately tied to labor, figure largely in our investigation. Student Learning Outcomes. In this class, students will learn to: Describe and compare the features of various forms of unfree labor, including servitude, apprenticeship, and slavery. Describe and compare the ideologies that underlay and justified servitude, apprenticeship, and slavery. Explain why the economic systems of early modern Europe and America encouraged unfree rather than free labor. Explain how gender shaped unfree labor systems. Explain how race shaped unfree labor systems. Compare various forms of slavery in North America. Explain how the various forms of unfree labor changed over time from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries. Explain why free labor replaced unfree labor in most places by the 1820s. Explain how, why, and when slavery in America ended.