Conceptualization, Operationalization, and Measurement...

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SOC 46A 2/3/2015 Conceptualization, Operationalization, and Measurement o Levels of measurement To what degree can we indicate The degree of information we might be able to glean Related to how we ask questions Measure at the highest level of data for the best data Higher can be reduced o Example: education Always keep 0 separated o Example: age Ratio level an exact number, no categories Most commonly used in social sciences is ordinal level we do this because we believe when doing surveys, more likely the people would report that data more accurately o Single or multiple indicators The decision about using a single or multiple indicators for a single construct will be based on the strength of the indicators the co mplexity of the construct’s dimensions Measurement: indexes, scales, and typologies o Indicators and Measurement questionnaire construction: what to consider Question level of precision Level measurement

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