ch 11 - chapter 11 Psychological disorders chapter 11...

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Psychological disorders chapter 11
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Overview Defining and diagnosing disorder Anxiety disorders Mood disorders Personality disorders Drug abuse and addiction Dissociative identity disorder Schizophrenia chapter 11
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Dilemmas of definition Possible models for defining disorders As the violation of cultural standards As emotional distress As behavior harmful to oneself or others chapter 11
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Mental disorder Any behavior or emotional state  that causes a person to suffer, is  self-destructive; seriously impairs  the person’s ability to work or get  along with others; or endangers  others or the community chapter 11
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Your turn Psychopaths are often happy, functional people, but they  manipulate and harm others without conscience.  On what  basis are psychopaths said to have a mental disorder? A mental disorder is any behavior or mental state that (1) causes a person to suffer, is self-destructive; (2) seriously impairs the person’s ability to work or get along with others; (3) or endangers others or the community. chapter 11
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Your turn Psychopaths are often happy, functional people, but they  manipulate and harm others without conscience.  On what  basis are psychopaths said to have a mental disorder? A mental disorder is any behavior or mental state that (1) causes a person to suffer, is self-destructive; (2) seriously impairs the person’s ability to work or get along with others; (3) or endangers others or the community. chapter 11
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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Axis I: Primary clinical problem Axis II: Personality disorders Axis III: General medical conditions Axis IV: Social and environmental stressors Axis V: Global assessment of overall  functioning chapter 11
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Explosion of mental  disorders Supporters of new categories  answer that it is important to  distinguish disorders  precisely. Critics point to economics:  diagnoses are needed for  insurance reasons for  therapists to be compensated. chapter 11
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Concerns about diagnostic  system The danger of over-diagnosis The power of diagnostic labels Confusion of serious mental disorders with  normal problems The illusion of objectivity and universality chapter 11
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Advantages of the DSM When the manual is used correctly and  diagnoses are made with valid objective tests,  the DSM improves the reliability of and  agreement between clinicians. The DSM-IV included for the first time a list of  culture-bound syndromes. chapter 11
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Projective tests Projective tests Psychological tests used to infer a  person’s motives, conflicts, and  unconscious dynamics on the  basis of the person’s interpretation  of ambiguous stimuli Rorschach inkblot test A projective personality test that  asks respondents to interpret  abstract, symmetrical inkblots chapter 11
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