ch 12 - chapter 12 Approaches to Treatment and Therapy...

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Approaches to Treatment and Therapy chapter 12
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Overview Biological treatments Kinds of psychotherapy Evaluating psychotherapy chapter 12
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Antipsychotic drugs Many block or reduce sensitivity of dopamine receptors. Some increase levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that inhibits dopamine activity Can relieve positive symptoms of schizophrenia, but ineffective—or even worsen—negative symptoms chapter 12
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Antidepressant drugs Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI’s) Elevate norepinephrine and serotonin in brain by blocking an enzyme that deactivates these neurotransmitters Tricyclic antidepressants Boost norepinephrine and serotonin by preventing reuptake Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI’s) Boost serotonin by preventing reuptake Herbs such as St. John’s Wort have also been used. chapter 12
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Tranquilizers Increase the activity of GABA Developed for treatment of mild anxiety Often prescribed inappropriately by general practitioners for any patient with mood complaints chapter 12
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Lithium carbonate Used to treat bipolar disorder Moderates levels of norepinephrine by protecting cells from being overstimulated by neurotransmitter glutamate Must be given in right dose, bloodstream levels monitored Newer treatments include Tegetrol and Depakote. chapter 12
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Your turn Your friend has largely withdrawn from social activities, and has stopped maintaining her appearance or apartment. If she goes to see a doctor, what do you expect her doctor to prescribe? 1. An MAOI 2. An SSRI (e.g., Prozac) 3. A tranquilizer (e.g., Valium) 4. Lithium carbonate chapter 12
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Your turn Your friend has largely withdrawn from social activities, and has stopped maintaining her appearance or apartment. If she goes to see a doctor, what do you expect her doctor to prescribe? 1. An MAOI 2. An SSRI (e.g., Prozac) 3. A tranquilizer (e.g., Valium) 4. Lithium carbonate chapter 12
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Placebo effect The apparent success of a treatment due to patient’s expectation rather than the treatment itself
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course PSYC 181 taught by Professor Kellerplan during the Fall '07 term at UNL.

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ch 12 - chapter 12 Approaches to Treatment and Therapy...

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