Lecture Notes 1

Lecture Notes 1 - Does the behavior of animals have...

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Unformatted text preview: Does the behavior of animals have anything to tell us about us? 11/02/2008 00:34:00 Communication Mating and hierarchy are very typical displays of communication Ex. Peacock displays his tail as a mating ritual for females and in defense of other males Ex. Big horn sheep the size of their body and especially the size of their horns are a tell tale sign of their strength. If one is a lot smaller, they will usually run away. The Social Science problem Tabula rasa humanity was all nurture and no nature proved to be untrue, ex. Acquiring lust we have free will, but we are channeled into certain behaviors. We could make a society where 70 yr old women are more attractive than 20 year olds, but no society does Genes What tends to channel our behavior Two Philosophical mistakes Naturalistic fallacy; is to ought What is natural is good; what is, ought to be. Because men and women are genetically different they ought to be treated differently Women are more nurturing, must stay home with kids Moralistic fallacy; ought to is What is good is also natural; what ought to be, is Because men and women should be treated the same, they must have no genetic differences Scientific Fallacy Just because a question can not be addressed by science does not mean that the idea is incorrect or untrue Ex. Jesus is the son of God Just because we have certain morals, that does not mean that we will make philosophical claims to support them The ideas might not be good but that doesnt mean its not there. We consider the facts (is) first and then what happens (ought) later. Only two things that count in science Evidence (is) Logic Science 5 steps, 3 rules 1. Observation 2. Hypothesis an explanation for the phenomenon we observe 3. Test hypothesis rule 1 for an explanation to be scientific, it must be testable 4. Results wither support or go against hypothesis rule 2 for it to be scientific, it must be repeatable 5. If/ Then If evidence supported hypothesis, go back to 3 If evidence rejected hypothesis, go back to 1 rule 3 there is never 100% certainty in any hypothesis Levels of certainty in science hypothesis theory when we have a good idea about a hypothesis, it has been tested over and over again with consistent results law when a theory has been around for decades and has been tested many different ways Evolution History 11/02/2008 00:34:00 The capacity of humans to do evil...
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Lecture Notes 1 - Does the behavior of animals have...

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