Lecture Notes 1

Lecture Notes 1 - Does the behavior of animals have...

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Unformatted text preview: Does the behavior of animals have anything to tell us about us? 11/02/2008 00:34:00 Communication • Mating and hierarchy are very typical displays of communication • Ex. Peacock displays his tail as a mating ritual for females and in defense of other males • Ex. Big horn sheep – the size of their body and especially the size of their horns are a tell tale sign of their strength. If one is a lot smaller, they will usually run away. The Social Science problem • Tabula rasa • humanity was all nurture and no nature • proved to be untrue, ex. Acquiring lust • we have free will, but we are channeled into certain behaviors. • We could make a society where 70 yr old women are more attractive than 20 year olds, but no society does • Genes • What tends to channel our behavior Two Philosophical mistakes • Naturalistic fallacy; is to ought • What is natural is good; what is, ought to be. • Because men and women are genetically different they ought to be treated differently • Women are more nurturing, must stay home with kids • Moralistic fallacy; ought to is • What is good is also natural; what ought to be, is • Because men and women should be treated the same, they must have no genetic differences • Scientific Fallacy • Just because a question can not be addressed by science does not mean that the idea is incorrect or untrue • Ex. Jesus is the son of God • Just because we have certain morals, that does not mean that we will make philosophical claims to support them • The ideas might not be good but that doesn’t mean its not there. We consider the facts (is) first and then what happens (ought) later. • Only two things that count in science • Evidence (is) • Logic Science – 5 steps, 3 rules 1. Observation 2. Hypothesis – an explanation for the phenomenon we observe 3. Test hypothesis • rule 1 – for an explanation to be scientific, it must be testable 4. Results – wither support or go against hypothesis • rule 2 – for it to be scientific, it must be repeatable 5. If/ Then – If evidence supported hypothesis, go back to 3 If evidence rejected hypothesis, go back to 1 • rule 3 – there is never 100% certainty in any hypothesis Levels of certainty in science • hypothesis • theory – when we have a good idea about a hypothesis, it has been tested over and over again with consistent results • law – when a theory has been around for decades and has been tested many different ways Evolution History 11/02/2008 00:34:00 The capacity of human’s to do evil •...
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Lecture Notes 1 - Does the behavior of animals have...

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