Civilizations and Its Discontents Paper - Section 009 7 May...

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Section 009 7 May 2015 Civilizations and Its Discontents Freud's Civilizations and Its Discontents is a book that questions society and its relationship with the people within it. As the title suggests, the people are discontent with society because it suppresses their quest for freedom and nonconformity. Among the drives that are suppressed are two of which Freud calls "immutable" - the drive for sexual pleasure and the drive for violent aggression towards authority figures. Freud's ideas echo those of John Stuart Mill's who also claims that society oftentimes promotes a conformity that suppresses social progression. The difference here however is that whereas Mill portrays the concept of conformity as a force that unknowingly stifles the creation of other ideas, Freud sees it as a point of conflict, where the individuals of a society are aware of its existence and are actively fighting against it. In the second section of the book, Freud describes three main sources of displeasure that

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