Juvenile Crime1 - Running head JUVENILE CRIME 1 Juvenile...

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Running head: JUVENILE CRIME 1 Juvenile Crime CJS 200 May 26, 2013
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JUVENILE CRIME 2 Introduction According to Schmalleger (2011), “parens patriae is a common law principle that allows the state to assume a parental role and to take custody of a child when he or she becomes delinquent, is abandoned, or is in need of care that the natural parents are unable or unwilling to provide” (Chapter 15). A juvenile is generally considered anyone who is under the age of 18; however, depending on the individual’s offense history and circumstances some juveniles are tried as adults. Depending on the type and severity of the crime committed, society generally agrees that young people who have gone wrong are worth salvaging. Although juvenile crime is decreasing, there are still about 1.6 million juveniles arrested annually in America and the number of juveniles held in public facilities has increased (Schmalleger, Chapter 15, 2011). Juvenile vs. Adult There are many differences between the juvenile justice system and the adult justice system including court practices, detention facilities, and the holding of records. The most difference between the juvenile justice system and the adult justice system can be seen in the court proceedings. The court proceedings for children can differ from that of an adult in that they are not made as public; hearings can be held in secret, the name of offenders not publicized, and a juveniles court records can later be destroyed. In juvenile court there is less concern with the legal issues of guilt or innocence and more focus on the best interests of the child, with an emphasis on treatment rather than punishment. It is the general hope that children can be reformed, and sent down the right path, before it is too late and they spend their lives on a path of crime. When a juvenile turns 18 they can petition the court to have their criminal records
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  • Spring '13
  • bradford
  • Schmalleger

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