PSY Notes - PSY 1113 \u2022 Psychology the study of behavior and mental processes \u2022 Not a formal discipline until the 19 th century \u2022 Evolved from

PSY Notes - PSY 1113 u2022 Psychology the study of...

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PSY 1113 January 17, 2008 Psychology: the study of behavior and mental processes Not a formal discipline until the 19 th century Evolved from philosophy and biology Did not rely on empirical evidence READ PAGES 15 – 18 on the Roots of Psychology o Know trephining, phrenology, Wundt, structuralism, intospection, James, functionalism, & Gestalt 1880-1920 o Wundt studied inner sensations through introspection o Psychology: the science of mental life o 1900 Freud publishes Interpretation of Dreams 1920s – 1960s o Watson and the behaviorists thought you should only study what you can observe o Psychology: the science of observable behavior 1960s – Present Day o Resurging interest in mental processes o Why? o Psychology: the science of behavior and mental processes 1. Behavior: anything an organism does; can observe and record 2. Mental processes: internal subjective experiences we infer from behavior Psychology in Context o Post WWII 1. Obedience, conformity, authoritarian personality, leadership o 1950s – 1960s 1. Self-development and self-actualization o 1970s 1. Gender differences o Present 1. Terrorism Major Theoretical Perspective: o Theory: an explanation using an integrated set on principles that
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organizes and predicts observations o Perspective: a specific point of view in judging things or events Neuroscience/ Biological Perspective o Views behaviors from the perspective of the brain, the nervous system, and other biological functions o Emphasizes bodily events and changes associated with actions, feelings, and thoughts o The perspective involves: 1. Hormones 2. Brain Chemistry 3. Heredity 4. Evolutionary influences Psychodynamic Perspective o Emphasizes unconscious dynamics o Inner forces over which the individual has little control Behavioral Perspective o A psychological approach suggests that observable behavior should be the focus of study o Emphasizes how the environment and experience affect a person’s or animal’s actions Cognitive Perspective o A psychological approach that focuses on how people think, understand, and know about the world o Emphasizes mental processes in perception , memory, language, problem solving, and other areas of behavior o This perspective includes: 1. Intelligence testing 2. Infant thinking 3. Computer models of human thinking January 22, 2008 Humanistic Perspective o Approach that suggest that all individuals natural strive to grow, develop, and be in control of their lives and behavior o Emphasizes free will o Positive psychology, flow, ect. stem from this movement
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Psychology’s Key Issues Nature vs. nurture o Does environment or heredity have stronger influence on our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors? Consciousness vs. unconsciousness o How much of our behavior is produced by forces of which we are fully aware?
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