bio_339_exam_key_4 - Biology 127 ~ Nutrition Name K E y Exam IV 1 According to the article Power Steer by Michael Pollan and also the video Frankensteer

bio_339_exam_key_4 - Biology 127 ~ Nutrition Name K E y...

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Unformatted text preview: Biology 127 ~ Nutrition Name: K E y December 12, 2006 Exam IV 1. According to the article “Power Steer,” by Michael Pollan, and also the video “Frankensteer,” why aren’t cattle destined for beef production allowed to grow naturally by grazing on grass? (2 points) g lake, +00 iowé W, CLTLA— 2. Circlr False. Cattle can die from being fed too much grain too soon. (1 point 3. The “danger zone”-for food storage (in degrees Farenheit) is between E"! [2 O and (2 points) 4. What will happen if food is left in the “danger zone” for several hours? (2 points) . K 4‘3 . . ' Baal-buck mat) odmuU oM‘i‘ ,. "hive: 0‘ egwaflfls "\‘DXTQ . 5.. List four reasons why intentional food additives'may be add ed to foods. (4 points) ' 1. ’1‘ Wm MM 2. ’l‘ omkwv‘c (or MQJ‘LYhaL’N 17% 3. 1* marrzmqi Velma (o c- EA 4. ojh .mawgl‘m Mflr Pm 6. How does the FDA ensure a margin of safety for human consumption of I intentional food additives? (4 points) 11s; is. Masai-aim; SW \on gawk». ‘i‘LLVN-O, E21,, CM oioswfiivkk Q (“WED- Zfik 7 kl‘thCS-t I] Di":3¢ ‘irlm’rs iota too is) accumul- eng-JL ‘ RuwflAS am, (BX W 5mm ‘Hmyt lala ammo-94 W ‘ gm W3 10! mm WWRM - Match the appropriate organization to its role in monitoring food safety. (5 points) a. World Health Organization C; regulates pesticide use and ' monitors soil and H20 quality b. Food and Drug Administration OK makes recommendations for maintaining international standards of health c. Environmental Protection Agency Q. monitors foodborne illness (1. U.S. Department of Agriculture A responsible for the wholesomeness and quality of meat, ' poultry and eggs e. Centers for Disease Control b responsible for the wholesomeness of all foods except meat, poultry and eggs 'In food processing factories, places where risk for contamination is high should be addressed by a plan called a oh» Plan, in order to minimize that risk. ( point) Each of the following practices,- typical when raising cattle in conventional feedlots, poses a particular beef consumption-related risk to human health (at least potentially). For each, name that risk. (4 points) ‘a. Antibiotic use — V 68‘ S'iBJdL \O (MA-egg CL, b. A'very high-protein diet — M “A, Co u.) 0. Growth hormones — ) Q er‘bij {W Gama"; V” i‘LL‘W‘anS d. ‘ Very rapid assembly lines in the slaughterhouse — I Ca ii C in cc CMTQJL' (emiramtwd‘ww; 10. What was the significance of the US. purchasing only young (<30 months ' old) cattle from canada? (1 point) . j)“ Canm this Wang], WA Cw aw T5 ho‘i’ M be. 11. Name two simultaneous events that occurred in the 1980’s that stimulated the development of a new class, the “working poor.” (2 points) a. V6 Lies 5? o n _ \SO: AQHAS‘E’YVQRNOW . L ’A/gwi: \mwam Ceé- W M $M assrs Ma paw mg 12. Name three federal government-sponsored programs designed to help alleviate f . hunger in the United States. (3 points) a. WlC/ b_ Sui/nesi Likwtk 0% POSSfiQk _ c. 3:053 ' 13. Name three strategies that can be part of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program. (3 points) a. Magma; 133$”an i - Q'OASELLLJ 14. Name three distinct causes of crop failure (which in turn can lead to famine). (3 points) a. $6341 I 0. Lb) ML CM-gb 2 @bfi’r' (606* g) h\§Li€S> 15. Briefly explain one link between gender status, protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and infant mortality (as seen, for example, in Nepal). (3 points) $124 aural cuv‘ng/VS @t‘5§\\3k0_‘ I ovulx, fi‘hfic’o‘w'gis OM“: bv.wwnxw~bAij.b3 Rm M v w “*1 W W i ‘\ Ki ‘ M w _\ FWD ab pagan Wiremlfifl 16. What is one simple way that Very young children can be monitored for PEM (even in relatively primitive conditions, as they were doing in Nepal)? (1 a raw W 17. What natural event occurred in the early 1930’s that led farmers to initially embrace chemical-intensive farming? (1 point) Ernst (gemi 18. Name two sustainable advantages that come along with the concept of crop diversity. (2 points) Fur dew/uwflv Recklm a. \oeii'ek %<>\\ @Ojswk b. Maw W) WW5 - 47 Wt saw WA whim 19. The main cause of hunger in the U.S. is (‘1 point) a. Shortage of food b. Famine @Poverty . Crop failure e. All of the above 20. Finish the sentence: The major accomplishment of the Eisenhower administration with respect to the food supply in the U.S. was. . .(1 point) ‘l’LL Wm in? \mw 3' Yi” B , V ‘ ’ - W‘M 53% 100444 M019.— affix; out} (3/ No.0 ‘6 L3 , i . 21. Circle True rganic farmmg, though sustainable, simply cannot be ’ implemented ona large enough scale to meet the needs of the world’s growing population. (1 point) 22. . Circle® False. The higher a nation’s gross national product, the lower ‘ the birt rate. (1 point) ...
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