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Exam 3 Notes - Deviance Exam 3 Notes 11-9 Alcohol-alcohol...

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Deviance Exam 3 Notes 11-9 Alcohol -alcohol in cross-cultural perspective -does alcohol automatically reduce inhibitions or are the inhibitions learned? both -reichel-dolmatoffs' description of aritama youth (see slide) -are bio consequences of alcohol use, many of which would reduce inhibitions -but learned to associate the particular kinds of reactions to alcohol use -macandrew and edgerton: "drunken is an essentially learned affair" -study: participants, wanted to vary amount of blood-alcohol -some ppl not have any alcohol -others given some but in varying amounts -gender, weight/height, precise amount , using everclear -got ppl to .08 (was still legal then) -had them drink and play game alone, not social study, not fun -they acted like would w/o alcohol, regardless of amount -as alcohol increases, deterring effects of punishment should not work as well -when try to reproduce, hard to do -had to detoxify completely and ppl then became surly What is alcoholism? loss of control due to an inherited biochemical suscptibility-AA -sociological conceptions: 1.normative-"deviant drinking" violates the norms of acceptable consumption 2. reactive-alcoholic is a label affixed to persons who are believed by others to be alcoholics -why Germans so drunk? are different genetically? no -little alcoholism, high drinking -meaning is more social than scientific -disease theory of alcoholism doesn't necessarily fit rates and science, but we agree on it who are deviant drinkers? -social class -gender-wilsnack and cheloha -marital status -race -10% adult americans who drink exp adverse consequences at some time -those who manifest problems tend to be concentrated in particular populations -social class -problem drinking more common among lower class -drink for diff reasons -upper class drink for social -lower class drink more as an escape, way of medicating, relief from poverty -gender -men more likely to drink and more likely to be heavy and problem drinkers -fems: complex situation -majority of young women in US drink -contrast to a pattern of abstention common among older women
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-rates of young women drinking increasing over decades -why? linked to changing roles among women -wilsnack and cheloha: looked up extent that women held to trad or non-trad sex role beliefs -trad: stay at home, nontrad: women do what want -women w/ nontrad sex role orientations more likely than women w/ trad to be being problem drinkers -marital status -sep and divorced more likely to be heavy/problem drinkers than others -rel b/w marital status and drinking dep on age and emp status -ex-women drinkers 21-34 least likely to report alcohol related probs if married and have stable work role -young women w/o children at home more likely than women w/ children at home to have alcohol problems -children in home barrier to mom's drinking -young single mothers w/ full time paid employment less likely to exhibit alcohol related problems than young single mothers w/o full time jobs -race -highest rates of problem drinking=NA
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