exam 1 cheat sheet - -Chapter 1-Epidemic-the occurrence in...

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---------------------------------------Chapter 1----------------------------------------------- Epidemic -the occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illness (or an outbreak) clearly in excessive of expectancy. Pandemic - an epidemic on a worldwide scale during a pandemic, large numbers of persons may be affected and a disease may cross international borders. Called population medicine because it examines diseases over a population and not individuals. Determinants - (Factors or events that are capable of bringing about a change in health) bacteria, carcinogens, and stress, drinking, high fat diets, sedentary pop. Distribution - (Frequency of disease occurrence may vary from one population group to another. Patterns of disease occurrence (that are not random) are compared across subgroups, to identify the target population with the highest risk). Ex = race, gender, age by disease. Aims of Epidemiology - describe the health status of populations, explain the etiology of disease, predict the occurrence of disease, control the occurrence of disease. Activities preformed in Epi - identifying the risk for disease, injury, and death; describe the natural history of disease; identify individuals and populations at greatest risk for disease; identifying where the public health problem is greatest; monitoring disease and other health-related events over time; evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of prevention and treatment programs; provide information useful in health planning and decision making for established health programs with appropriate priorities; assist in carrying out public health programs; be a resource person for health professionals and the general public; communicating public health information. ---------------------------------------Chapter 2---------------------------------------------- Seven Uses of Epi - 1)To study the history of the health of populations; 2)To diagnose the health of the community; 3)To study the working of health services-operations research.; 4)To estimate the individual risks of disease and other conditions; 5)To identify syndromes.; 6)To complete the clinical picture of chronic diseases.; 7)To search for causes of health and disease. Causeal Relationships: Sufficient cause - A set of “minimal” conditions that inevitably produce a disease Necessary cause - A causal component that must be present for the disease to occur ( Ex: phenylketonuria (PKU), phenylaline, genetic defect). Strength - When the association shows that a given factor makes
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course HED 343 taught by Professor Edmundson during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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exam 1 cheat sheet - -Chapter 1-Epidemic-the occurrence in...

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