Exam 1 Study Guide

Exam 1 Study Guide - Exam 1 Study Guide Lying and Deception...

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Exam 1 Study Guide Lying and Deception, CMS 344K ------------------The Nature of Lies (Knapp Ch 1 and lecture material)------------------- Who lies? How often do people lie? - Everyone lies. Often. - College students = 2 per day average; community = 1 per day avg. - College students – 92% lied to romantic partner. - Community – 71% lie to family/friends to spare their feelings. - Finding people that admit that lying/dec are common features of everyday life is not difficult. It is an inherent part of the way we communicate. “Toll Jumper” video from 9/4 class ------ ?????? Lies of omission, lies of commission, collaborative lies. 1. Commission – lies in which liar has altered info he/she believes to be true. o Euphemisims, Bullshit, Spin. 2. Omission – evaluated on the basis of perceived intent (omitting info). o “letting it happen”, half truths, Equivocation, Contexomy. 3. Collaborative – involving two or more people. The relationship between effective communication and deception skills. - Know when to lie and when not to lie (deceptions which are considered effective communication in one situation may be deemed ineffective or unethical in another). - Deception and Lying are part of our language and social world. - Being effective communicator = involves discreetly employing deception. - Telling “white lies” or being agreeable to make the best of the situation or have a positive outcome. (ex = does my hair look good?) Liars’ and targets’ perspectives on lying. 1. Perceptions of Awareness 2. Perceived Knowledge Other Has of Reality/Referent and Extent to Which They Altered It (altering info). Ex = commission. 3. Perceived Intention (s) (Motives) ex = omission. 4. Perceived Expectations 5. Perceived Effects /Consequences ------The Nature of Truth (Knapp Ch 2, Web Reading “What is Reality?” and lecture material)----- Truth via feeling, truth we are told, truth we figure out, truth we observe. 1. Feeling : instinctive, visceral, intuitive. o Not usually effective in convincing others. o When feelings are prominent, and very little info. 2. Told : second way of arriving at truth (ex = priest). o Who we trust the most (parents, teachers, religion, friends, tv/news, internet – in that order). 3. Figure out : Use reasoning; think systematically. o Easy with rules are clear with formula/manual. o Applied to abstract issues. 4. Observe : observed 1 st hand; requires sensory contact with the object. o Not infallible b/c biases, emotional state, inattentional blindness. o Conditions effect observations (viewing angle, distance, lighting, method of measurement).
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“Inattentional Blindness” video. -
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Exam 1 Study Guide - Exam 1 Study Guide Lying and Deception...

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