Exam 3 Study Guide - Filled in

Exam 3 Study Guide - Filled in - Lying and Deception Exam 3...

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Lying and Deception Exam 3 Study Guide Chapter 11 Characteristics of Public Lies: 1. Target Audience o Invoke abstract national/cultural ideas that appeal to every audience. o Lobbyists – hired to persuade politicians on own interests. o If too much or too little deception in politics, social order will break down. 2. Information Control o Leader realize that their ability to create and access info is a crucial factor in maintaining power (deceiver classifies it “national security reasons” to hide pertinent info). o Public lies shaped in elaborate ways, using variety of resources at command of the leader – NIXON. Goal is to influence when issue discussed and how public should think about it. o Access/control of info allows presidents to falsely report or interpret events so that they fit a predetermined policy – Johnson bombing Vietnam. Gov controls almost all important channels of info and distorts. o BUSH – 1) Iraq had WMDs and planned to use against U.S. 2) Iraq working w/ terrorist org Al Qaeda. Evidence lacking, key info not said. o Leaders may have legitimate reasons for not revealing info, but saying sources are classified or sensitive is strategy when don’t want scrutinized. 3. Message Distribution and Responsibility o Presidents/other leaders don’t have to deliver their own deceptive messages – REAGAN. This is called plausible deniability. o Staged Events & Prepackaged News – ways to attempt to influence news reports. (rehearsed answers, scripting of behavior). 4. Detection Responsibility o Question of whether the leader initiated the deceptive message can be hidden in a complex network of people and orgs who distribute message. o Public is responsible for detecting lies directed its way. Some states have laws against political lying, but ineffective b/c: 1) they often conflict with the 1 st Ammendment right to free speech; 2) they require proof that the lie was done knowingly and with malice; 3) they often cannot be enforced quickly enough in political campaigns to offset any damaging effects the
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Exam 3 Study Guide - Filled in - Lying and Deception Exam 3...

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