Exam 1 Study Guide - Filled out

Exam 1 Study Guide - Filled out - October 3 2006 STUDY...

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October 3, 2006 STUDY GUIDE - SOC. 366, FIRST EXAM 1. What are the different ways of defining deviance? 6 ways---Absolutist, Reference to Harm, Statistical, Criminal, Reactive, Normative. 2. Why is the normative approach the best way for defining deviance? What are the problems with the other approaches to defining deviance? Believes anything contrary to norms or inconsistent with shared beliefs about how people are supposed to act is deviant. Good b/c implies relativity—can vary over time and from place to place. Also, implies a collective quality to deviance in that at least two people must both agree on its being deviant. All other definitions don’t follow this pattern…they change and vary over time, from situation to situation, from person to person, dependant on laws of the land or customs of country/region, etc. 3. What are identity norms and how are they useful for defining deviance? Shared beliefs about how people ought to be; Erving Goffman says the ideal person is young, white, married, Northern, employed, and with a recent record in sports. Using these identity norms is probably most reliable/best way to define deviance. 4. What is the just-world hypothesis and what is its relevance for deviance? Belief that good things happen to good people, and bad things happen to bad people. Here is the problem, we think of someone with gross facial deformities as a bad person automatically without even knowing---Why do we have this hypothesis about the world?---b/c it gives people the illusion of control…or rather makes them feel that life and what you do with it is justified. *”If I believe that I am a good person, then these things won’t happen to me”, is thinking of world. They don’t want to believe/accept that sometimes bad things happen to good people and good things happen to bad people and there is NOTHING THEY CAN DO ABOUT IT!!!! Honestly, they are selfish and only care about themselves and their life…and this scares them b/c they don’t have control on their on life. **They don’t care if the world is “just” really, but rather only that their life is. 5. What are reactive norms? What are some examples of reactive norms? The predicted reactions of people to deviance. These reactions are not random, they are systematic. ie – When someone stutters, you can finish what they were saying for them or be patient. These are common responses, or “reactive norms”. If you pistol whipped the guy you would be acting unpredictably or out of “reactive norms” for the behavior.
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6. What is a master status and how is it relevant for deviance? A “master status” defines all of the person’s other roles and
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Exam 1 Study Guide - Filled out - October 3 2006 STUDY...

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