October 3, 2006
STUDY GUIDE - SOC. 366, FIRST EXAM
What are the different ways of defining deviance?
6 ways---Absolutist, Reference to Harm, Statistical, Criminal, Reactive,
Why is the normative approach the best way for defining deviance?
are the problems with the other approaches to defining deviance?
Believes anything contrary to norms or inconsistent with shared beliefs
about how people are supposed to act is deviant.
Good b/c implies
relativity—can vary over time and from place to place.
Also, implies a
collective quality to deviance in that at least two people must both agree
on its being deviant.
All other definitions don’t follow this pattern…they
change and vary over time, from situation to situation, from person to
person, dependant on laws of the land or customs of country/region, etc.
What are identity norms and how are they useful for defining deviance?
Shared beliefs about how people ought to be; Erving Goffman says the
ideal person is young, white, married, Northern, employed, and with a
recent record in sports.
Using these identity norms is probably most
reliable/best way to define deviance.
What is the just-world hypothesis and what is its relevance for deviance?
Belief that good things happen to good people, and bad things happen to
Here is the problem, we think of someone with gross facial
deformities as a bad person automatically without even knowing---Why
do we have this hypothesis about the world?---b/c it gives people the
illusion of control…or rather makes them feel that life and what you do
with it is justified.
*”If I believe that I am a good person, then these things
won’t happen to me”, is thinking of world.
They don’t want to
believe/accept that sometimes bad things happen to good people and good
things happen to bad people and there is NOTHING THEY CAN DO
Honestly, they are selfish and only care about themselves
and their life…and this scares them b/c they don’t have control on their on
**They don’t care if the world is “just” really, but rather only that
their life is.
What are reactive norms?
What are some examples of reactive norms?
The predicted reactions of people to deviance.
These reactions are not
random, they are systematic.
ie – When someone stutters, you can finish what they were saying for
them or be patient.
These are common responses, or “reactive norms”.
you pistol whipped the guy you would be acting unpredictably or out of
“reactive norms” for the behavior.