bnad 303 - lecture notes

bnad 303 - lecture notes - 1/17/06 History of Public...

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1/17/06 1/17/06 History of Public Administration Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924, Civil War to Great Depression) & The Progressive Reform Movement o 28 th President during WWI, father of League of Nations, prior political science professor o 1860’s – half the population earned living in some agricultural capacity; self-sufficient o Great Depression – 20% of population was rural o Progressive Reform Movement – Prohibition, immigration restriction, anti-union o Spanish-American War (1898) – first concerns about national security o Technological advancements o More interest in government o Wilson called for separation of politics and administration o 87,000 governments within the United States, 19 million employees, 17% in federal government, 29% in state governments, 53% local o $3.2 trillion annual expenditures, $1.6 trillion spent by federal gov’t, $850 billion by state gov’t., $750 billion by local gov’t. Forces that influence Public Administration: Partisan Politics, Policy Politics, o Partisan Politics – political parties o Policy Politics – specific policies that different ideologues will attempt to enact o System Policies – agencies and departments that implement policies o Legalism – new departments created, forming new jobs and opportunities o Executive branch (President) administers laws, legislative branch (Congress) makes laws, judicial branch (Supreme Court) interprets laws o Federalism – prevent strong central government, diffusion of power between federal and local government Marbury v. Madison – concept of judicial review established McCulloch v. Maryland – U.S. Constitution contained implied powers Gibbons v. Ogden – federal intervention in economic matters involving interstate commerce was required
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1/19/06 1/19/06 John Locke (1632-1704) wrote Two Treatises of Government – cooperation o Believed that it was in the nature of humans to cooperate; laid foundation for formation of government, democracy Thomas Hobbes (1588-1673) wrote Leviathan – competition o Humans by nature were fearful, predatory, and in constant pursuit of acquiring material goods; people quick to lie, cheat, and steal Six Traits that Encapsulate Liberalism: 1. Individualism – individual grades, individual incentives 2. Capitalism – we are a consuming society 3. Individual Rights – Bill of Rights, freedom of press, etc. 4.
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course BNAD 303 taught by Professor Hardesty during the Fall '07 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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bnad 303 - lecture notes - 1/17/06 History of Public...

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