Test 1 - Psychology Test 1 Chapter 1 Risk factors Genetics...

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Psychology Test 1 Chapter 1 13/09/2007 08:30:00 Psychology: the scientific study of behavior and the mind Answers the question: “Why do people behave the way they do?” Risk factors Genetics Morals Upbringing Society Brain development (age) Historical Development of Psychology Ancient Romans Psyche = soul, spirit, or mind Logos = study of a subject Psychology’s intellectual parents were philosophy and physiology I. Pioneers – advocates of  structuralism  argued that psychology should analyze the  basic elements of the conscious experience:  Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920 Germany) o First research lab in 1879 o First psychology journal o Argued that psychology should be the scientific study of consciousness  G. Stanley Hall (1846-1924 U.S.) o First laboratory in U.S. at John’s Hopkins
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o First Psychology journal in U.S. o Helped establish American Psychological Association II. The Pioneers – advocates of  functionalism  argued that psychology investigate the  purposes and functions of the conscious. Influenced by Darwin’s theory of natural  selection William James III. The Pioneers  Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) o Psychoanalytic theory  emphasizes unconscious determinants of  behavior and the importance of sexuality o The unconscious consists of thoughts that one is not aware of but that  still influence one’s behavior IV. The Pioneers –  Behaviorism  asserted that psychology should study only  observable behavior John B. Watson (1887-1958) o Redefined the subject matter of psychology to the study of behavior o Verifiability as the key to scientific inquiry o Stimulus – response psychology B. F. Skinner (1904-1990) o Internal states should not be the subject of scientific inquiry because it  was not scientific o Emphasized animal research, a strict focus on observable behavior,  and the importance of the environment o Generated controversy by arguing that free will is an illusion
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Crystal during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Test 1 - Psychology Test 1 Chapter 1 Risk factors Genetics...

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