History 7B Final Study Guide

History 7B Final Study Guide - History 7B Final Study Guide...

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History 7B Final Study Guide Week 6 Nationalisms: Romantic Nationalism – Culturally distinctive people tied to people Cultural Nationalism – sense of belonging through shared language, customs, and art Liberal Nationalism – democratic sovereignty possessed by a people ruled by representatives (elected over hereditary) Racial Nationalism – racial groups monopolies sovereignty and subordinates other races Kuomintang: The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT), also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China . The KMT originated in China in 1912, founded by Sun Yat-sen shortly after the 1911 revolution . Later led by Chiang Kai-shek , it ruled much of China from 1928 until its retreat to Taiwan in 1949 after defeat by the Chinese Communist Party during the Chinese Civil War . There, the KMT controlled the government under a single party state until reforms in the late 1970s through the 1990s loosened its grip on power. Sun Yat Sen: Wanted to overthrow the Chinese imperial system. He was in exile in Japan and North America and Europe from 1895-1911 for wanting revolution and a failed coup. While in exile he was able fundraise and create a Chinese migrant network for his revolutionary party and uprisings. He returned to China in 1912 after hearing about the successful 1911 revolt. He forms the Kuomintang Party (KMT) and becomes the leader of the nationalist party. In 1912, Sun Yat Sen was inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of China. He revitalized the political party and won reelection in 1913. Chiang Kai Shek: In 1925 took control of the KMT after Sun Yat Sen died. He attempted to eradicate the Chinese Communists during the civil war (1927-1949), but ultimately failed, forcing his KMT government to escape to Taiwan , where he continued serving as the President of the Republic of China and Director- General of the KMT for the remainder of his life. May 4, 1919: Marked the beginning of the May Fourth Movement, an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement. It was an upsurge of Chinese nationalism , and a re-evaluation of Chinese cultural institutions, such as Confucianism . There were mass demonstrations in Shanghai and Beijing where people were advocating the ideas of democracy and freedom. The end result was a drastic change in society that fueled the birth of the Communist Party of China . March 1, 1919: Date that started the movement towards Korean independence from Japanese occupation. On this day 33 nationalists read and signed the Korean Declaration of Independence. Afterwards there were mass demonstrations and protests against the Japanese rule, as a result many died as Japanese tried to gain control. The effects were that the Japanese had to change how they ruled the Koreans, but most importantly the movement was a catalyst for the establishment of independence. Friendship Society -- Ahn Chang Ho: Created by Ahn Chang Ho in 1903. It was the first Korean organization in the
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course HILD 7B taught by Professor Shah during the Winter '08 term at UCSD.

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History 7B Final Study Guide - History 7B Final Study Guide...

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