HILD 7B Terms

HILD 7B Terms - Yick Wo vs. Hopkins Yick Wo, a 22 year old...

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Yick Wo vs. Hopkins – Yick Wo, a 22 year old laundry (mat?) owner was being accused of breaking some regulations of laundries. Yick Wo had the certification but was denied his license. As a result the Chinese Laundry Guild mobilized. The judge ruled in 1866, under the 14 th Amendment, that equal enforcement is necessary by nonpartisan professionals. The 14 th Amendment states that you can not “deprive any person of life, liberty or property without the due process of law,” and “deny to any person within jurisdiction the equal protection of the law,” while the meaning of “person” is citizen or noncitizen, individual or business. U.S. vs. Wong Kim Art – Wong was born in the US, while his parents were in the US before 1882. Wong went to China and returned to the US in 1891, then went again in 1894. When coming back to the US in 1895, Wong was prevented from entering the US because the immigration government officials said he was a laborer and could not enter the US under the Chinese Exclusion Act and the Scott Act. In 1896, the Supreme Court had to decide if a child born in America by noncitizen parents should be allowed to be citizens themselves. In a 6 to 2 decision, the Supreme Court decided in the favor of Wong and stated “All persons born or naturalized in the US, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein the reside.” The 14 th Amendment was also used in the decision process of this case. 14 th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution – due process, equal protection, immunities and privileges, birth in U.S. gives automatic citizenship. Lecture: Chinese exclusion, citizenship “equal protection” – part of 14th, prohibits states from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Lecture: treatment of immigrants in U.S., citizenship, naturalization Economic freedom vs. political freedom – freedom to produce, trade and consume any goods and services acquired without the use of force, fraud or thef vs the absence of interference with the sovereignty of an individual by the use of coercion or aggression Lecture: Laws regulating business, Chinese laundries, Yick Wo 1907 Expatriation Act – declares that an American woman who marries a foreign national loses her citizenship Lecture: interracial marriages, citizenship, naturalization rights 1922 Cable Act – reversed former immigration laws regarding marriage, guaranteed independent female citizenship only to women who were married to "alien[s] eligible to naturalization Lecture: controlling women, Asians regarded as aliens ineligible for naturalization Ozawa vs. US, 1922 – Ozawa came to the US at the age of 19 and was a student in CA in 1894 at Berkeley. In 1906 he worked for a US company in Hawaii. Got married and had 2 children. March 1916 he was turned down for citizenship and filed lawsuits. Claimed American identity and allegiance. Disconnecting from Japanese states, language and cultural. American Church and
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course HILD 7B taught by Professor Shah during the Winter '08 term at UCSD.

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HILD 7B Terms - Yick Wo vs. Hopkins Yick Wo, a 22 year old...

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