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CMRJ203 Patrol Methodologies & Community Policing CMRJ203 MIDTERM QUESTIONS 1-41. Explain the Broken Windows Theory and how it can be used to reduce crime.Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the theory.Of the weaknesses you've identified above, what do you consider the main criticism of the theoryand explain your reasoning as to why.The Broken Windows theory is an approach at policing to be proactive instead of reactiveas well as aiming at neighborhoods and communities that are untended and unkempt. These communities are perfect for creating crime and weaken the communities. This theory also states that by allocating more patrol in broken window communities predatory street crime and fear of crime by its residents can help stop the spiraling crime affect. This theory can reduce crime by allowing law enforcement departments to work directly with communities in order to stablish standards and work together removing those in the community who are drug addicts, gang members, drunks, indigents, and those who violate neighborhood normality. It can also be used to reduce crime by forcing patrols to have an aggressive proactive tactics by officers in order to halt petty street crime which turns into violent serious offenses later. Some of the strengths of this theory is that departments can have a strong connection and a strong bond with communities in order to pull out those who are rejected by the communities for violating laws and destroying their community. This theory also makes the relationship between deteriorating communities andlink them with crime and social behavior that comes out of areas with poor physical conditions and upkeep.One main weakness of the Broken Windows theory is that these communities that have broken windows and are spiraling down due to crime and the unkempt physical condition of theirneighborhood is that statistically these areas are made up of low-income families and residents, below average education, minorities, and immigrants. This alone can hinder the department’s ability to work and bond with the community since they are afraid of police officers and will be very reluctant to work hand in hand with patrols. They most likely will not cooperate and have no faith in the government to help them get rid of crime in their area. Wilson and Kelling (1982) included this in their argument, positing that as disorder increased in a neighborhood “residents will think that crime, especially violent crime, is on the rise…They will use the streets less often,and when on the streets will stay apart from their fellows (O’Brien, Kauffman, 2012). Some of the main criticism of this theory is that not all broken windows areas are hot spots of crime. These areas usually tend to have closely knitted families who work hard to maintain their families, and due to their immigration status or education level they lack the skills and the opportunities to get ahead. Other strong criticism is that strong aggressive police presence also