test 2 - Chapter 5 *3 major aspects from England 1. Limited...

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Chapter 5 *3 major aspects from England 1. Limited authority 2. Local control 3. Fragmented Organization *Frankpledge System *Tithings of 10 families worked together *Tithings were fined if they didn’t do their job *Constable supervised their efforts *Watchmen helped the constables *18 th Century England *Crime drastically increased after/during the Industrial Revolution *Experimented with different types of policing *Mandates of Metropolitan Police Act (MPA) 1. Prevent crime without repressive force 2. Maintain public order by nonviolent means 3. Reduce conflict between police and public 4. Show efficiency through the absence of crime and disorder *American Colonial Era *Adopted offices of: constable, sheriff, and night watchmen *Watch system was primary means of order maintenance *Slave Patrols developed first modern police forces in the US *Militia used for large scale conflicts *Political Era (1840-1920) *Development of police agencies prompted by mob violence *Merchants feared relentlessness of underclass *Gin became a major substance abuse problem *Fear of urban street crime produced demands for more police protection *Police were incompetent, disliked, and corrupt *Primary Functions: *Serve as enforcement for reigning political powers *Protect private property *Control increasing number of immigrants *The Professional Model Era (1920-1970) *Technological advancements *Local, state, and federal crime commissions *Public concern about police corruption led to reform efforts *Expert Officers *Autonomous departments *No external political influence *Self-ruling departments *Administrative efficiency *Impartial, uniform enforcement of the law *6 Elements of Professional Policing *Force should stay out of politics *Should be well trained, disciplined, and tightly organized
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*Laws should be equally enforced *Should use new technology *Personnel procedures should be based on merit *Main task of policing is crime fighting *The Community Policing Era (1970-present) *Emphasis on good police-community relationship *Federal assistance to local and state agencies to fight crime *Increase in recruitment and promotion of women and minorities *Police unions grew *Riots and brutality claims led to an examination of traditional police practices and role *Research From Professional Era *Increased number of patrol officers had little effect on crime rate *Rapid response to service calls didn’t greatly increase arrest rates *Improving the % of crimes solved is difficult *Community Oriented Policing *Problem solving best done at neighborhood level *Local police and residents=good problem solving team *Citizens must actively participate with police in fighting crime *Training and recruitment efforts must be altered *Homeland Security: Next Era? *New priority at federal level
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course CRJ 1113 taught by Professor Byrd during the Spring '08 term at The University of Texas at San Antonio- San Antonio.

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test 2 - Chapter 5 *3 major aspects from England 1. Limited...

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