7 Classical Greece II- Humanism & Philosophy

7 Classical Greece II- Humanism & Philosophy - Classical...

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Classical Greece II -- The Triumph of Humanism Background Post Persian War (5 th century b.c. so dates start with 4) Population of Athens : about 300,000 – very large polis Greek Thought Philosophy Phil part means love and the sophy (Sophia) part means wisdom. Means love of ofwisdom Talk about things metaphysical – beyond physical world Elusive to talk about thinking Expression: “the Greeks were thinkers, the Romans were doers” Greeks famous for thinking They would bring back a ton of ideas (art, alphabet, and would build on it) The same was with philosophy. Humanism Emphasis on human being and this life Homer Stressed individualism, led to free inquiry and stress on human reason Emphasis on free choice, free will, and free inquiry (decision making) Believed in human reason, made them feel human beings were in charge Greek Religion No all powerful, individual God who controls all This allows for examination, people can question No supreme beling like the Hebrews Apollo temple “know thyself” it meant knowing at first your trade – then knowing how to live the good life Pre-Socratics: Laid groundwork for thinking about all these issues Pythagoras: Hippocrates: medicine, seeing how the body worked Ionian influence: many thinkers in Asia minor, seeds of ideas that Greeks later borrowerd and grew on. Empiricism: learning through your senses – you can learn about them via your senses. At beginning of 5 th century Then came big three (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle) Socrates 2 nd half of 5 th century (450) at time defeated Persians, very confident Not a detractive person. Greek aristocrats placed high values on beauty and physical attractiveness. He was short and a little fat, they found him somewhat repulsive. Meanwhile they called themselves the good and the beautiful.
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course HUM 111 taught by Professor Sorrell during the Spring '06 term at Pepperdine.

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7 Classical Greece II- Humanism & Philosophy - Classical...

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