7 Classical Greece II- Humanism & Philosophy

7 Classical Greece II- Humanism & Philosophy -...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Classical Greece II -- The Triumph of Humanism Background Post Persian War (5 th century b.c. so dates start with 4) Population of Athens : about 300,000 – very large polis Greek Thought Philosophy Phil part means love and the sophy (Sophia) part means wisdom. Means love of ofwisdom Talk about things metaphysical – beyond physical world Elusive to talk about thinking Expression: “the Greeks were thinkers, the Romans were doers” Greeks famous for thinking They would bring back a ton of ideas (art, alphabet, and would build on it) The same was with philosophy. Humanism Emphasis on human being and this life Homer Stressed individualism, led to free inquiry and stress on human reason Emphasis on free choice, free will, and free inquiry (decision making) Believed in human reason, made them feel human beings were in charge Greek Religion No all powerful, individual God who controls all This allows for examination, people can question No supreme beling like the Hebrews Apollo temple “know thyself” it meant knowing at first your trade – then knowing how to live the good life Pre-Socratics: Laid groundwork for thinking about all these issues Pythagoras: Hippocrates: medicine, seeing how the body worked Ionian influence: many thinkers in Asia minor, seeds of ideas that Greeks later borrowerd and grew on. Empiricism: learning through your senses – you can learn about them via your senses. At beginning of 5 th century Then came big three (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle) Socrates 2 nd half of 5 th century (450) at time defeated Persians, very confident Not a detractive person. Greek aristocrats placed high values on beauty and physical attractiveness. He was short and a little fat, they found him somewhat repulsive. Meanwhile they called themselves the good and the beautiful.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern