Class Notes - Who are Exceptional Children Exceptional children differ from the norm(either below or above to such an extent that they require an

Class Notes - Who are Exceptional Children Exceptional...

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Who are Exceptional Children? - Exceptional children differ from the norm (either below or above) to such an extent that they require an individualized program of special education - Anybody who is gifted or talented is under state law, NOT FEDERAL LAW Four key terms: - Impairment the loss or reduced function of a body part or organ - Disability exists when an impairment limits the ability to perform certain tasks - Handicap a problem encountered when interacting with the environment o Not all children with a disability are handicapped - At risk children who have a greater-than-usual chance of developing a disability In the beginning - At the close of the 18 th century in France procedures for educating children with sensory impairments (blind, deaf) had been developed - Early 19 th century saw the first attempts made to educate “idiots” and the “insane” children now believed to be those when had mental retardation and who were emotionally or behaviorally disordered - A new attitude was forming in America and France. Leading reformers in medicine and education began purporting that children and adults with disabilities should be taught skills that would allow them to become independent, productive citizens. Who’s Who in Special Education - Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (1775-1838) French physician who was noted for his knowledge of diseases of the ear and on educating students who were deaf. He became known for educating the
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“Wild Boy.” His interventions dramatically improved this child’s behavior. - Philippe Pinel (1745-1826) This French physician was a mentor to Itard. He was an advocate of humane treatment of the “insane.” He thought Itard was wasting his time with the “Wild Boy.” - Edouard Seguin (1812-1880) He was a student of Itard. He immigrated to the US in 1848. He was noted as an educator of id iotic” children o Their Contributions: Individualized instruction Carefully sequenced series of educational tasks Emphasis on stimulation Meticulous arrangement of the child’s environment Immediate reward for correct performance Tutoring in functional skills Belief that every child should be educated to the greatest extent possible - Samuel Gridley Howe (1801-1876) He was a graduate of Harvard Medical School. He founded the Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, Massachusetts, and taught students who were deaf and blind. He achieved success in teaching Laura Bridgeman who was deaf and blind, greatly influencing the education of Helen Keller. - Thoman Hopkins Galluadet (1787-1851) He was a minister who attempted to teach a girl who was deaf. He established in 1817 the first residential school in America for students who were deaf in Hartford, Connecticut (now known as the American School for the Deaf). Galluadet University in Washington, D.C. was named in his honor.
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  • Fall '12
  • Templet
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, IEP, Individualized Education Program, special education services

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