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Why are laws governing the education of exceptional children necessary?
Nondiscriminatory identification and evaluation: schools must not use nonbiased, multi-factored methods of evolution Free, appropriate public education: education at public expense is provided; an IEP is developed and implemented for each child Least restrictive environment: must be educated with children without disabilities to the maximum extent appropriate Due process safeguards: parents’ and children’s rights are protected Shared decision making: schools must collaborate with parents Other provisions of IDEA Special education services for preschoolers Early intervention for infants and toddlers Assistive technology Scientifically based instruction Universal design for learning Extended school year FAPE and related services Disciplining students with disabilities Right to education Related Legislation Javits Gifted and Talented Children oThe Javits Gifted and Talented Children’s Education Act of 1978 provides financial incentives to develop programs for students who are gifted and talented Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 oExtends civil rights to people with disabilities Americans with Disabilities Act oExtends civil rights protection to private sector employment, all public services, public accommodation, and transportation Elementary and Secondary Education Act (no child left behind act)
oThe intent of NCLB is to improve the achievement of all students, with a particular emphasis on children from low-income families The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) Accountability for student learning oStates are expected to make annual progress toward the 100% goal by 2014 Scientifically Based Instruction oNCLB puts a special emphasis on using educational