8 Classical Greece III - Religion and the Arts

8 Classical Greece III - Religion and the Arts - Classical...

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Classical Greece III: Religion and the Arts Theatre of Dionysus Ancient Mystery Religion of the Cult of Dionysus Agora Lower city, meeting place, marked with boundary stones as sacred area Panathenaic Festival Panathenaic Parade: started outside walls of Athens, went across Agora, up to Acropolis (high city), celebrating birthday of civic deity of Athens –Athena (goddess of wisdom, symbol of owl, goddess of war strategy) Would go up to Parthenon, there they would present priest at Parthenon with new dress for Athena. Women selected earlier to weave dress for 40 foot statue. Dress is called the Doric Heplock –indigenous to Dorian People Two main people in Greece (Dorians and Ionians) Orders of Columns Doric mainland Greece When greeks looked at them they thought of them as having the proportions of a man analogize Doric column to the man: this is humanism in architecture. Actually use the measure of a man’s foot as the module of the size and shape for Doric column your foot is the distance form your (wrist to your elbow) usually used on outside of building much more rugged Ionic really fancy (from Asia minor), fancy capital and base, more flukes (borrowed from Africa) more slender and delicate Used women’s foot as module/ basis of this column Used inside a building, associated with feminine, interior, needed to be protected Corinthian Greeks invented it, seldom used it, too froo froo and fancy for Greeks. Earliest found in Corinthian (better suited for Romans) Doric + Ionic Presented balance between masculine and feminine Showed order Acropolis (high city) Persian Wars Destroyed all buildings in Athenian Acropolis. Buildings had to be rebuilt All new construction, post war -- funded by funds in Delian League (supplies on island) When initial Persian War, a lot of people said lets not rebuild there, lets leave it there as a reminder, others argued that they had to rebuild and show they were optimistic and forward thinkers. Pericles
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Idea to rebuild Athens with the things off the island of Dilos. He spent all of that rebuilding on Athenian Acropolis. Sparta got pissed and said they were just as bad as the Persians, because that is not what they had to agree with (Sparta attacks Athens – Peloponnesian wars, eventual total defeat of Athens) “Buildings live on long after man’s deeds are forgotten” –Pericles Propylaea Means the for-gates (gates in front of Parthenon) Ancient cities had wealth up on the Acropolis. So Acropolis was heavily fortified with huge gates and walls.
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8 Classical Greece III - Religion and the Arts - Classical...

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