9 The Hellentistic Age I - Philip and Alexander of Macedon

9 The Hellentistic Age I - Philip and Alexander of Macedon...

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Not Hellenic, which means Greek (it is HELLENISTIC – MEANS GREEK LIKE ) Clear Stuff Up Section Alexander is not the same as Augustus Alexander = Hellenistic (336 323 BC ruled the east) Augustus = Roman Hellenistic Era Hellenic (Greek) vs. Hellenistic (Greek Like) 323-31 BC (Parallel in time to Roman Republic in Italy) Rise of independent city states led to lack of unification, outside forces come in, and inside conflict as well via Delian league troubles. Greek Polis still do not stop battling even after the demise of Athens. Post-Peloponnesian War Greece in Turmoil, still lacked unification and cooperation People to the north of Greece called Macedonia (means place of Macedons) – they are looking at Greeks and say why don’t you unify, cant understand why they would not unify. What they saw was the Greeks were vulnerable (looked easy to take over) Macedonians: Greek speaking people o Macedonians lived by tribes, did not live in Polis like Greek people o Lived in rural, not urban like Greeks o By 375-350, Macedonians became powerful and major force in ancient world, this shaped by Philip of Macedon Philip of Macedon Helped Macedonia reach Great power Ivory work that showed what Philip looked like, individual portrait Very powerful tribal leader, spent 3 years in Thebes (city in Greece) as hostage o Being a hostage was social fabric of the day, to make you comply with terms of agreement. o He was basically under house arrest. He could see what was going on in Thebes (just couldn’t go back to Macedonia) Saw what he could learn about Greeks. He learned 4 main things 1. Importance of powerful army if you want to conquer another people 2. Knew Athenians had great navy that was no good against Spartan army. Do not rely on mercenaries, paid soldiers – they won’t fight to the death 3. Saw constant fighting, vulnerable 4. Greek Culture: theatre, art, architecture, philosophy. He did not feel as culture from his urban culture. He became greckophile (lover of everything Greek)
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9 The Hellentistic Age I - Philip and Alexander of Macedon...

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