10 The Hellenistic Age II - Art and Architecture

10 The Hellenistic Age II - Art and Architecture - The...

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The Hellenistic Age II: Art and Architecture Hellenistic Era: 323 BC Revitalization of art and architecture that waned with decline of Athens (when beat by Sparta) New kings want to make a statement with new architecture and cities. (influence from Greece to Egypt) Hellenistic Architecture First main thing we looked at was religious buildings. Politics were not as much of an area in which to spend resources. Now more emphasis on houses and secular buildings: hotels, houses, hotels, government buildings. Start making museums as well. Want to associate themselves with greatness of the past o Collect ancient Greek artwork and read ancient Greek works to give themselves that history and roots o Antiquarianism: trying to go back to Ancient Greek works. o Were very group based, not democracy so not “contributing” need other outlets for self fulfillment. So they built big houses and made personal monuments Hellenistic Emphasis on the individual: individual celebrating own accomplishments Monument to Lysicrates, Athens He owned a chorus. In the ancient world when you were rich you would own a chariot and charioteers. When they won they would get the prize, not the charioteers. The same would take place with a chorus Chorus members would be trained and paid salaries but owner of chorus – financer, would win the prize, which was usually a huge monetary sum. Here in this age you say “yes I won this, I’m going to go put up a statue of myself in the square!” It is a monument to himself. It is solid – not perfectly crafted. Workmanship not as elaborate. It is just a round building with half columns, statement to own greatness and own ego. Just commemorative to an individual This need of people to be important and to participate is thwarted when you have a monarchy, hence the people shifting their attention to themselves by doing things such as this monument – other outlet of self expression. Priene, Asia Minor Materialism: emphasis on material gain. One place to do this was in the cities o New political and economic centers in order to diffuse power of old centers o One of these cities called Priene Little islands of Grecko Macedonian culture. New Hellenistic cities were pre-planned They brought in the idea of a Grid plan for cities (they did not just grow randomly from a little colonization – they cannot grow very large) Had the same components of an ancient city like Athens, but everything is much more organized and the cities can grow very large. They would start by enticing people form Greece and Macedonia with food and land, etc. The new cities grew and they grew very very large.
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You see the very beginning of city planning. Roman cities started wide avenues and streets
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10 The Hellenistic Age II - Art and Architecture - The...

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