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exam3terms - Exam 3 Terms Chapter 16 Biotechnology The use...

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Exam 3 Terms Chapter 16 Biotechnology  • The use of cells to make medicines, foods and other products useful to humans Clone  • Genetically identical cells or organisms produced from a common ancestor by asexual  means Complementary DNA (cDNA)  • DNA formed by reverse transcriptase acting with an RNA  template; essential intermediate in the reproduction of retroviruses; used as a tool in recombinant  DNA technology; lacks introns. DNA ligase  • Enzyme that unites Okazaki fragments of the lagging strand during DNA  replication; also mends breaks in DNA strands. It connects pieces of a DNA strand and is used in  recombinant DNA technology Electrophoresis  • A separation technique in which substances are separated from one another  on the basis of their electric charges and molecular weights Expression vector  • A DNA vector, such as a plasmid, that carries a DNA sequence that 
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exam3terms - Exam 3 Terms Chapter 16 Biotechnology The use...

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