03 Evolutionary Approach

03 Evolutionary - Evolutionary Approach April 9 2008 I Evolution and Evolutionary Psychology a Natural selection increases the likelihood of

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Evolutionary Approach April 9, 2008 I. Evolution and Evolutionary Psychology a. Natural selection increases the likelihood of characteristics that increase the a species chance survival and reproduction b. Current psychological mechanisms (e.g., stereotypes and prejudice) may be byproducts of adaptations designed to manage threats to our ancestors c. Humans are Highly Social i. Advantages to high interdependency and cooperation in small groups 1. Aids in acquiring resources (food, shelter, mates) 2. Aids in achieving fundamental tasks (protection, child rearing) ii. Dangers of living in small groups 1. Group living exposes one to potentially dangerous others a. Either through the risk of physical harm, contagious disease, or others taking benefits without contributing anything in return (free riders) iii. In order to increase benefit and avoid costs… 1. People evolved ways of quickly detecting others who may deliver costs over benefits and adaptive cognitions (prejudice) and behaviors (avoidance) to deal with them d. Advantage of Evolutionary Psychology i. It is able to answer certain questions that simple individual and contextual difference don’t 1. E.g., a. Why do different group have different stereotypes (e.g., aggressive, lazy, dirty)? 2.
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSC 157 taught by Professor Sherman during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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03 Evolutionary - Evolutionary Approach April 9 2008 I Evolution and Evolutionary Psychology a Natural selection increases the likelihood of

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