04 Social Identity

04 Social Identity - Social Identity April 14, 2008 I....

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Social Identity April 14, 2008 I. Realistic Conflict Theory a. Dislike members of outgroups because of competition over scarce resources b. Assumptions: i. People are motivated by a desire to maximize the rewards they receive in life, even if that means taking those away from others ii. One way to maximize our rewards is by forming cohesive, cooperative groups iii. Competition leads to conflict between groups (resulting in prejudice) c. Research: “Robbers Cave” Study i. Boy camp was formed into two, initially non-interacting, groups and made into very cohesive, socially-identified units ii. These two groups were then introduced into conflict/competition (e.g., games) iii. This resulted in intergroup derogation and aggression 1. Physical fights, group raids, flag burning, name calling and stereotyping II. Found in Minimal Group Paradigms a. Minimal group paradigms go against realistic conflict theory (no competition needed) b. Ingroup Favoritism i. People like ingroup members than outgroup members ii. People allocate resources to ingroup members more than outgroup members c. Attributional Biases (Ultimate Attribution Bias) i. Ingroup positive = internal; outgroup positive = external ii. Ingroup negative = external; outgroup negative = internal d. Linguistic Biases i. The same event can be described in various ways (“Bill hit John”; “Bill hurt John”; “Bill hates John”; Bill is hateful”) ii. Ingroup member’s actions tend to be described in less negative, less negatively biased (negative = internal; positive = external) ways (“Bill hit John” vs. “Bill is hateful”) e. Memory Biases
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i. People tend to remember positive ingroup events/traits ii. People tend to remember negative outgroup events/traits f. Outgroup Homogeneity Effect i. People tend to see members of their own group as very different from one another, while they underestimate the differences between members of other groups
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSC 157 taught by Professor Sherman during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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04 Social Identity - Social Identity April 14, 2008 I....

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