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05 System Justification

05 System Justification - 05 System Justification I Other...

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05 System Justification April 16, 2008 I. Other theories cannot explain why… a. Minority groups do not always challenge the majority b. Majority groups do not always scorn minority groups (benevolent sexism) i. Benevolent prejudice – positive stereotypes that take away the minority group’s power c. System maintenance is good for majority members d. Belief in a just system is also good for minority members i. Reduces cognitive dissonance ii. Feeling that you live in an unjust world if very stressful 1. You feel like you have to do something 2. You are part of this system, so it must be good iii. Social change happens only when needs for self and group-esteem override motivation to believe in a just system II. System Justification Theory a. Belief in a Just World i. People like to believe that people get what they deserve 1. We don’t want to believe that the world is random 2. We don’t want to believe that the world is unjust and meaningless ii. People will work very hard to establish and maintain this belief
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