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Running head: THEORIES AND PERCEPTIONS IN HEALTHCAREMANAGEMENT1THEORIES AND PERCEPTIONS IN HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENTGail D. GranthamAmerican Intercontinental University
THEORIES AND PERCEPTIONS IN HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT2AbstractIn his 1960 book The Human Side of Enterprise, McGregor presented two thoughts on the waymanagers see and address employee motivation. These contradictory techniques have beendubbed by his management Theory X and Theory Y. Theory X suggests that money is the mainsource of incentives for employees and security a close second. By motivating the employees tosatisfy themselves, personal objectives can be matched with corporate goals in accordance withcertain assumptions. The Y management does not indicate a soft approach, according toMcGregor. Many people are never fully satisfied with higher standards of esteem and self-realization. As a result, employees can be most motivated by these higher standards. TowersWatson investigated the links between employee opinion indicators and business success usingdata from more than 600 medical units across multiple US hospital systems. Senior managementplays a key role in shaping culture in every enterprise. Besides the tone established by leaders,local support provided to employees is a major driver of success on the job. Attitudes andperception are interconnected inextricably. Perception is known as the process by whichorganisms interpret and organize feelings to give a meaningful sense of the world. Oftenmanagers can cause an employee's behavior or working pattern. Each decision is an opportunityfor you to build your strengths, experiences, and expertise on others in your team. You allowcolleagues to share ideas, to learn from one another and to work for a mutual objective byinvolving others in decision-making.THEORIES AND PERCEPTIONS IN HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENTDouglas McGregor, a management professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technologyin the 1950s and 1960s, was the first to argue that a manager's attitude affects staff motivation(Lumen Learning, 2016).McGregor presented two ideas for how managers perceive and addressemployee motivation in his 1960 book The Human Side of Enterprise. These conflictingmotivating techniques were dubbed Theory X and Theory Y management by him. Each believesthat the manager's job is to arrange resources, including people, in the most efficient waypossible for the company's benefit. Beyond this similarity, however, the attitudes andassumptions they represent are vastly different.Theory XTheory X management, according to McGregor, assumes the following:
THEORIES AND PERCEPTIONS IN HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT3Work is fundamentally unappealing to most individuals, and they will try to avoid it at allcosts.Most individuals are not ambitious, do not want to take on too much responsibility, andprefer to be led.

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Term
Spring
Professor
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Tags
Management, Douglas McGregor

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