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Unformatted text preview: Notes for Week 5 Haidt, 2001 I) Moral Judgments – evaluations of actions or character that are made with respect to a set of virtues that everyone in a culture is expected to live up to a. Intuition – quick, effortless thoughts that come to mind unconsciously with the person unaware of the mental processes with which it arose II) Approaches to morality a. Rational Approach – moral knowledge and judgment are reached through reasoning/reflection i. One is like a judge weighing issues of harm, rights and justice b. Social Intuitionist Model – a type of perception where people just see things as being immoral i. This intuition happens first and then people justify it through reasoning/reflection ii. Processes: 1. Moral judgments appear in consciousness quickly and effortlessly 2. Moral reasoning is effortful and takes place afterward to justify the intuitions 3. This post-hoc moral reasoning is done in order to moral judgments to others a. This reasoning is often affectively based in order to persuade others through cues that elicit the same affect that the action originally elicited 4. These moral judgments are often shaped by group norms and moral judgments that others have previously made 5. People sometimes reason their way to a moral judgment by sheer force of logic 6. Reflection (e.g., role taking) may elicit new intuitions that override old ones III) Evidence for Social Intuitionist Model: a. Both reasoning and intuition occur (i.e., dual process), but intuition isn’t given much credit i. Affective evaluations happen automatically (affective system usually holds primacy over more cognitive systems—happens first and is more powerful) ii. Most moral judgments are probably made automatically (less effortful), unless there is enough conflict (e.g., you disagree with a friend) that you need to scrutinize the evidence, enough conflict (e....
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSC 245 taught by Professor Joel during the Winter '07 term at UC Davis.
- Winter '07