Chapter 4 - 3-22-05 I) Chapter 4 Psychoanalytic Therapy Key...

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3.22.5 Chapter 4 – Psychoanalytic Therapy I) Key Concepts : a. View of Human Nature : i. Our behavior is determined by irrational forces, unconscious motivations and biological/instinctual drives 1. Life instincts include all pleasurable acts and account for libido 2. Death instincts account for aggression b. Structure of Personality i. Id – blind, demanding, insistent, functions to discharge tension immediately and satisfy instinctual needs 1. Ruled by the pleasure principle 2. Largely unconscious ii. Ego – has contact with the external world of reality and governs, mediates between the id and super ego and reality 1. Ruled by the reality principle (logical thinking, formulates plans in the real world) 2. Can censor and distort the unconscious iii. Superego – a person’s moral code internalized from socialization and parental morals 1. Operates on psychological rewards (feelings of pride/self-love) and punishment (feelings of guilt/inferiority) c. Conscious and Unconscious i. Evidence for the Unconscious : 1. Dreams as symbolic representations of unconscious needs/wishes/conflict 2. Slips of the tongue and selective forgetting 3. Posthypnotic suggestion 4. Material derived from free-association techniques ii. The aim of psychoanalytic therapy is to make the unconscious conscious d. Anxiety – state of tension that motivates us to do something (warns of impending danger) i. Develops out of conflict among the id, ego and superego over control of available psychic energy ii. Reality Anxiety – fear of danger from the external world that is appropriate to real threat iii. Neurotic Anxiety – fear that instincts will get out of hand and cause one to do something that they will be punished for iv. Moral Anxiety – fear of one’s own conscience that makes one feel overly guilty e. Ego-Defense Mechanisms – Helps individuals to cope with anxiety and prevent he ego from becoming overwhelmed; they operated with to deny or distort reality and they operate on the unconscious level i. Repression – threatening or painful thoughts/feelings are excluded from conscious awareness ii. Denial – operates on the preconscious/conscious level to distort with the individual thinks/feels in a traumatic situations, they close their eyes to the existence of the threat iii. Reaction Formation – dealing with a threatening impulse by actively expressing its opposite iv. Projection – attributing to others one’s own unacceptable desires/impulses v. Displacement – directing energy toward another object when the original is inaccessible
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Chapter 4 - 3-22-05 I) Chapter 4 Psychoanalytic Therapy Key...

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