2-1-05 finalnotes-autonomy

2-1-05 finalnotes-autonomy - I Final Notes Autonomy...

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2/1/05 Final Notes - Autonomy I) Autonomy – self-legislation/self-rule. Involves actively taking into account your views of the world and self, applying them to the act of legislating how one will act in a certain situation and then acting on it while taking full responsibility for those actions. a. (O’Neill) Assumptions of Autonomy: i. Ideal Autonomy – the person is fully cognizant of the situation and is in a position to be able to freely chose between alternatives while fully knowing the consequences of those alternatives 1. Problem – you will never really know what’s going to happen for the different alternative. In situations where a client is consulting a professional the client usually knows too little to possibly understand all aspects of the alternatives or even the situation at hand. Often times when people need the services of professionals (like doctors and lawyers) they really need it and soon so they really aren’t in a position to just refuse the service. The pressure on and fear of the client in distressing situations is often just too great for them to reasonably and freely consider their options and chose in a way that, in the best of conditions, they would think was the right decision. ii. So, autonomy assumes at minimum: 1. Rational – competent (sane, conscious and adult) person who understands the situation, has a relatively good leaning toward truth and fairness and has the ability to understand the alternatives and their consequences. 2. Sufficient Information – as much relevant information as is needed for the person to know the possible alternatives and their consequences b. We limit autonomy when the person is not competent or able to reasonably understand and consider the situation i. Ironic that clients aren’t even given the autonomy to choose whether or not they can even be considered autonomous. II) Autonomy as Right a. Autonomy is built into the very core of this country’s ideals. It is seen in the natural rights view as being an inalienable right of all people, along with life and the right to property. i. Assumes that God has given these right to all people and that no one besides Him has the right to alienate these rights from anyone. One cannot even alienate these rights from themselves. ii. Although, you can exchange some right for another. Like exchanging some life and liberty for property in living somewhere where they enforce capital punishment and the right to jail you. b. Limits On The Right of Autonomy – according to the natural rights view your rights are limited when their exercise infringes upon the rights of yourself or others to an intolerable degree (intolerable is decided by the judicial system) i. One of the main ways rights conflict is when someone want to die. You cannot exercise your autonomy if it infringes upon your right to life, because you do not have the right to alienate yourself from the rights God has imposed upon you. Also, giving up life not only gives the ability to exercise the right of life, but also the ability to exercise the rights of liberty and
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PHIL 4401 taught by Professor Nagel during the Winter '05 term at CSU Stanislaus.

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2-1-05 finalnotes-autonomy - I Final Notes Autonomy...

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