Leibniz 21-33 - 3-15-03 I) Leibniz 21-33 Aristotle's 4...

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3.15.3 Leibniz – 21-33 I) Aristotle’s 4 Causes (paradigm is a sculpture making a bronze statue) a. Material Cause – matter (the bronze) b. Formal Cause – the form (the shape of the statue) c. Efficient Cause – what effects the making of it, what made it (the sculpture) d. Final Cause – the idea behind its creation, the idea the maker had when he made it (the goal of the idea that the sculpture originally had being met) i. For evil, there is no efficient cause (there is no creator) II) 3 Types of Evil (21) a. Metaphysical Evil – evil due to imperfection (the evil is the imperfection itself) i. Something is not perfect in that the thing is not God, it is limited 1. We lack omniscience, omnipresence, omnipotence ii. This is necessary, it can’t be avoided 1. If God were to create something as perfect as Himself then He would be creating God and so wouldn’t be creating at all, merely extending Himself, which is impossible because he is already limitless b. Physical Evil – suffering, pain (you suffer an evil when you suffer)
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Leibniz 21-33 - 3-15-03 I) Leibniz 21-33 Aristotle's 4...

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