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IAS Final Exam Timeline1206: Mongol Empire1300’s (mid to late): Black Death1453: fall of Constantinople1570’s: Single Whip Tax Reform1571: Spanish take Manila1500’s (late): Atlantic system1644: Manchus take China, establish Qing1650 – 1700: Enlightenment1707: British ban importation of Indian Textiles to protect domestic cotton industry→ British began exporting cotton to new colonies in North America1750 - 1850: Industrial RevolutionCoal in England. Colonies => ghost acres. More people from rural areas sent to cities to work, low wage & growing workforce. State policies – parliament, protect private property, protect merchants and capital. Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment. British individualismUrbanization.Steam engines, railways1756 – 1763: Seven Years WarBritish victory. Both sides collaborated with native populations, French driven out of America1757: EIC acquired colonial beachhead in BengalGave right to EIC to collect taxes and thus gave enough money for EIC to raise army of Sepoys, indian soldiers→ extended control over Bengal and India→ by 1800s the British had colonized India.1765: EIC got right to collect taxes from Bengal1760: British won Seven Years War at Battle of Pondicherry - start of British Empire in India1776 - 1783: American Revolution.
US declares independence ’76. Treaty of Paris 1783. Creation of Federal Constitution 1787Republican ideology. Nationalism and democracy. Enlightenment themes of popular sovereignty, natural rights, consent of the governed1789 - 1799: French RevolutionLouis XVIEnlightenment ideals. Erode power of church, form new identity free from monarchy. Commercial freedom, destroyed feudalism.Ends with the beginning of Napoleon’s conquests1791 – 1804: Haitian revolutionToussant Louverture, influenced by Enlightenment.1811: Venezuela declares independenceSimon Bolivar becomes president 1819. Tries to establish US of Lat Am, fails1820’s – 1830’s: Britain’s hand weavers decrease, mechanized textile industry.