Marc RademakerProfessor David Ridgway SOC115-Social ProblemsJanuary 15, 2014Chapter 15-The Ever-Changing U.S. Mosaic1.Ethnic ConsciousnessA.When people migrate into a society with a different culture they tend to change their behavior and views.i.Many people today are not as ethnically self-aware as when their ancestors moved here.B.Focusing on the migrant and country of origin will produce a better understanding of the degree of assimilation.C.Transportation and Communication are now helping people maintain more and more of their ethnicity.i.For example people coming over from Europe can now call their family back at home. ii. Another example is flight; it makes it easier to travel to and from your home country.2.Country of Origin as a FactorA.Contact with Country of Origin affects politicsi.There are three phases to how it affects the cultural populationii.The Alienphase; when the political locus remains with the country of originiii.The Reactionaryphase; when they form political organizations to protect their interests and fight discriminationiv.The AcceptancePhase; when they display a greater degree of cultural and structural assimilationB.Certain groups rely more on the government than the othersi.An example is Haiti, El Salvador, and Dominican Republic. They all rely heavily on government structure and political partiesC.There is a connection between country of origin and levels of ethnic and racial inequality in the U.S.i.U.S. stratification system closely resembles global economic stratification systemsii.Japan ranks high economically so we view them as “honorary whites”iii.Because no African country is likely to gain global success in the future we might still have a bad view towards that ethnicity3.The Three-GenerationsA.Hansen suggests that the third generation brings back their ethnicityi.There is a spontaneous and almost irresistible impulse which makes many people think about it
ii.They want to know their heritage no matter the job they are doingB.Hansen’s Lawi.It assumes that the second generation perceives its ethnicity as a disadvantage in being accepted in U.S. societyC.Peter Skerry’s Viewsi.Skerry believes that assimilation is not an irreversible processii.He believes that assimilation is not linear like Hansen believes but rather aprocess that moves back and forth4.Poor Assimilation A.Second Generation Asian and Hispanic Americans have a tough time assimilating to this culture.i.Studies show there is a negative relationship between cultural assimilation and the Hispanicsii.This is believed to be based upon their poor English speaking skillsiii.They had lower self-esteem, and a higher rate of povertyiv.Most Asians kept their cultural values which had a backlash from the Anglo-Americans because it was “different”v.Most Asian and Hispanic Americans generally do not have the third generation yetB.Japanese Americansi.Generally third, fourth, or even fifth generation Americansii.