Sociology 115, Ch.15 outline - Marc Rademaker Professor...

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Marc Rademaker Professor David Ridgway SOC115-Social Problems January 15, 2014 Chapter 15-The Ever-Changing U.S. Mosaic 1. Ethnic Consciousness A. When people migrate into a society with a different culture they tend to change their behavior and views. i. Many people today are not as ethnically self-aware as when their ancestors moved here. B. Focusing on the migrant and country of origin will produce a better understanding of the degree of assimilation. C. Transportation and Communication are now helping people maintain more and more of their ethnicity. i. For example people coming over from Europe can now call their family back at home. ii. Another example is flight; it makes it easier to travel to and from your home country. 2. Country of Origin as a Factor A. Contact with Country of Origin affects politics i. There are three phases to how it affects the cultural population ii. The Alien phase; when the political locus remains with the country of origin iii. The Reactionary phase; when they form political organizations to protect their interests and fight discrimination iv. The Acceptance Phase; when they display a greater degree of cultural and structural assimilation B. Certain groups rely more on the government than the others i. An example is Haiti, El Salvador, and Dominican Republic. They all rely heavily on government structure and political parties C. There is a connection between country of origin and levels of ethnic and racial inequality in the U.S. i. U.S. stratification system closely resembles global economic stratification systems ii. Japan ranks high economically so we view them as “honorary whites” iii. Because no African country is likely to gain global success in the future we might still have a bad view towards that ethnicity 3. The Three-Generations A. Hansen suggests that the third generation brings back their ethnicity i. There is a spontaneous and almost irresistible impulse which makes many people think about it
ii. They want to know their heritage no matter the job they are doing B. Hansen’s Law i. It assumes that the second generation perceives its ethnicity as a disadvantage in being accepted in U.S. society C. Peter Skerry’s Views i. Skerry believes that assimilation is not an irreversible process ii. He believes that assimilation is not linear like Hansen believes but rather a process that moves back and forth 4. Poor Assimilation A. Second Generation Asian and Hispanic Americans have a tough time assimilating to this culture. i. Studies show there is a negative relationship between cultural assimilation and the Hispanics ii. This is believed to be based upon their poor English speaking skills iii. They had lower self-esteem, and a higher rate of poverty iv. Most Asians kept their cultural values which had a backlash from the Anglo-Americans because it was “different” v. Most Asian and Hispanic Americans generally do not have the third generation yet B. Japanese Americans i. Generally third, fourth, or even fifth generation Americans ii.

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